تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت در مدل های جنبشی ناسازگار
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|26073||2009||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9863 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volume 198, Issues 41–44, 1 September 2009, Pages 3287–3298
A natural question that arises when working with the so-called kinematically incompatible models is about the positioning of the internal artificial boundary that splits the domain of analysis into the sub-domains for which the different, incompatible, models are established. Although the experience in modeling might provide an ad hoc solution to such matter it may also draw misleading conclusions. Here, the sensitivity analysis furnishes a systematic and reliable framework to study the impact of the positioning of the artificial boundary over the solution of the problem. In this sense, the present work is concerned with the sensitivity analysis of the variational formulation corresponding to the kinematically incompatible models when the boundary over which the incompatibility between the models takes place is changed. Assuming the presence of a discontinuity in the fields over a given interface between two incompatible models, this analysis allows to measure the sensitivity of a given cost functional when the location of such interface is changed. The application for which this analysis is envisaged is to assess the correctness, or incorrectness, in the definition of the positioning of such coupling interface between dimensionally-heterogeneous domains. Also, some numerical results are provided to give numerical evidence of the usefulness of the present tool.
From its birth 30 years ago, the sensitivity analysis has proven to be a valuable tool to evaluate how sensible a cost functional associated to a given problem is in front of perturbations in the definition of such problem ,  and  (and references therein). This kind of analysis can be encountered under different names according to the nature of the perturbation. Thus, when the parameters that define the problem are perturbed it is referred to as parameter sensitivity analysis . If the perturbations are performed along the boundary of the domain of analysis then it is referred to as shape sensitivity analysis ,  and . Finally, when the perturbations are singular such as modifications in the topology of the domain of analysis or discontinuous perturbations in some of the parameters that define the problem, then it is referred to as topological sensitivity analysis ,  and . It is worthwhile to recall that in any of the contexts mentioned above, the variational calculus provides a consistent framework to carry out the calculation of the sensitivity, revealing in a straightforward manner a series of underlying concepts. Kinematically incompatible models are a class of mathematical models that allow the fields in the problem to be discontinuous over a given internal boundary. The role of this internal boundary, actually artificial from the physical standpoint, is to establish a division in the nature of the model when thinking in terms of its kinematics. In the simplest case, a kinematically incompatible model consists of a partition of the domain of analysis into two sub-regions. Over each sub-domain a given kinematics is defined, giving rise to two different sub-models that share a common internal boundary but that are ruled by different kinematics. A theoretical account including the extended variational principles for such models was introduced in  and  for fluid and solid mechanics, respectively. A natural question that arises when working with incompatible models, when looking at the simple example involving two sub-domains, is about the positioning of the artificial boundary that splits the domain of analysis into the two sub-domains for which the different, incompatible, models will be established. Clearly, a wrong placement of such artificial boundary would produce incorrect solutions because the problem is not appropriately represented by the kinematical incompatible model. Since such internal boundary is artificial, it is not desirable that its position affects significantly the solution of the problem. Although the experience in modeling might provide an ad hoc solution to such matter it may also draw misleading conclusions. Hence, the need for a systematic and reliable framework is compulsory, and the sensitivity analysis furnishes such a framework in order to study the impact that a change like the one mentioned before produces over the solution of the problem. Recall that the incompatibility in the kinematics entails a discontinuity in the fields  and . Therefore, the sensitivity analysis to the change in the position of the internal boundary can be understood in two ways: (i) as the sensitivity to the shape change of both domains taking care that they move in an attached fashion, that is at the same time, or (ii) as the sensitivity to the displacement of the discontinuity that is consequence of the incompatibility. Thus, in this work we make use of the concept of sensitivity analysis in a problem involving kinematically incompatible models so as to assess the correctness, or not, in the partitioning of a domain of analysis into two sub-domains for which different models will be used. This work is organized as follows: in order to make the paper self-contained we present in Section 2 the bases for the extended variational principle for kinematically incompatible models through its application to the heat transfer problem. Readers interested in more details are invited to see  and . Section 3 takes this variational formulation and carries through the sensitivity analysis to the change in the positioning of the discontinuity product of the incompatibility. Section 4 provides some numerical evidences of the usefulness of the analysis performed here. Finally, Section 5 closes the work with some final remarks and conclusions.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This work has been concerned with the application of the shape sensitivity analysis to a new kind of problem. Specifically, it has been employed to assess the suitability in the representation of a system via a given partitioning through kinematically incompatible models (dimensionally-heterogeneous models). The need for introducing concepts borrowed from the continuum mechanics and the variational theory to deal with the presence of a discontinuity has been established and elucidated. In view of the natural question related to the placement of the coupling interface (where the discontinuity is manifested) between dimensionally-heterogeneous models, the present study has proven to be a valuable tool in order to provide a systematic procedure for analysis. Take into account that such analysis comprises the evaluation of the accuracy of an already given partitioned domain into dimensionally-heterogeneous domains as a representation of the dimensionally-homogeneous problem. Finally, the utility of the theoretical results has been shown and confirmed along the results obtained in the numerical experiments, where the sensitivity provided us an indicator of the quality of the partitioning and also of the solution.