تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت بر روی کمانش الاستیک و استحکام نهایی صفحات آلومینیومی سخت مداوم تحت ترکیب فشرده سازی و فشار جانبی هواپیما
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|26079||2009||23 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6165 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Thin-Walled Structures, Volume 47, Issue 11, November 2009, Pages 1232–1245
In this paper, the results of an investigation into the post-buckling behaviour of high-strength aluminium alloy stiffened plates subjected to combined axial compression load and different magnitudes of lateral pressure using non-linear finite element approach is presented. Both material and geometric non-linearities have been taken into account. The principal variables studied are the plate thickness, boundary conditions and the stiffener geometries beside the geometrical imperfection, the width of the welding heat-affected zone (HAZ) and welding residual stresses. The influence of these variables on the post-buckling behaviour and ultimate strength of such stiffened plates has been investigated in details.
Stiffened plates are used as main supporting members in many civil as well as marine structural applications. They typically consist of a plate with equally spaced stiffeners welded on one side, often with intermediate transverse stiffeners or bulkheads. The most common stiffener cross-sections are bulb, flat bar or T- and L-sections. Such structural arrangements are common for both steel and aluminium structures. Aluminium panels have been used in a variety of marine structures, with applications such as hull and decks in high-speed boats and catamarans and superstructures for ships. Other applications are box-girder bridges, and walls and floors in offshore modules and containers. These panels are primarily required to resist axial compressive forces, even though transverse loads and in-plane shear forces may in general interact. The ultimate strength design formulae available for steel plates cannot be directly applied to aluminium plates even though the corresponding material properties are properly accounted for. This is partly due to the fact that the constitutive stress–strain relationship of the aluminium alloys is different from that of structural steel. In the elastic–plastic range after the proportional limit as compared to structural steel, the strain hardening has a significant influence in the ultimate load behaviour of aluminium structures whereas in steel structures, the elastic–perfectly plastic material model is well adopted. Besides, the softening in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) significantly affects the ultimate strength behaviour of aluminium structures, whereas its effect in steel structures is of very little importance. The ultimate strength of stiffened steel plate panels has been the subject of many investigations, both experimentally , , ,  and  and numerically , , ,  and , with the most significant contributions in the field of ship structures and bridges. The literature on stiffened aluminium panels is more limited. Clarke  reports on buckling tests on an aluminium AA5083 plate with welded T-bar and flat-bar stiffeners. His experimental programme comprised eight compression tests on panels with different plate and stiffener sizes, with buckling over two spans as the failure mode. The ultimate strength of stiffened aluminium AA6082-T6 plates under the axial compression was investigated by Aalberg et al.  and  using numerical and experimental methods. Kristensen and Moan  demonstrated numerically the effect of HAZ and residual stresses on the ultimate strength of rectangular aluminium plates (AA5083 and AA6082) under the bi-axial loading of plates. Some initial experimental and numerical simulations on torsional buckling of flat bars in aluminium panels have been also presented by Zha and Moan ,  and . Hopperstad et al.  carried out a study with the objective of assessing the reliability of non-linear finite element analyses in predictions on ultimate strength of aluminium plates subjected to in-plane compression. Rigo et al.  made a numerical investigation to present reliable finite element models to study the behaviour of axially compressed stiffened aluminium panels (including extruded profiles). Among most recent works, reference can be made to the work of Paik et al.  on the subject of ultimate limit state design of multi-hull ships made in aluminium. The impact of initial imperfections due to the fusion welding on the ultimate strength of stiffened aluminium plates was studied by Paik et al.  and Collette . Paik et al.  defined the fabrication related initial imperfections of fusion-welded stiffened aluminium plate structures at the three levels. Also Paik et al.  derived empirical formulations for predicting ultimate strength of stiffened aluminium plates under axial compression. Future trends and research needs in aluminium structures were outlined by Sielski . Mechanical collapse tests on stiffened aluminium structures for marine applications were performed by Paik et al.  and . Most recently, Paik et al. studied buckling collapse testing of friction stir welded aluminium-stiffened plate structures . In most of aforementioned studies, only the case of in-plane compression has been considered as applied loading condition of the stiffened plate panels. Post-buckling behaviour and strength of such stiffened panels under combined in-plane compression and lateral pressure have not been addressed yet to our knowledge. In this paper, the post-buckling behaviour and ultimate strength characteristics of stiffened aluminium plates under combined axial compressive and lateral pressure loads are investigated using non-linear finite element method. Plate dimensions, stiffener type and stiffener dimensions are varied in a systematic manner in the analyses. In addition, average initial weld-induced deflection, welding residual stresses and also softening in heat-affected zone are considered throughout the investigation.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Post-buckling behaviour of high-strength aluminium alloy stiffened plates subjected to combined axial compression load and different magnitudes of lateral pressure using non-linear finite element approach was investigated. Both material and geometric non-linearities were taken into account. The principal variables studied were the plate thickness, boundary conditions and the stiffener geometries beside the geometrical imperfection, the width of the welding HAZ and welding residual stresses. The influence of these variables on the post-buckling behaviour and ultimate strength of such stiffened plates was investigated in details. The main draw-backs are: • It was seen that for small values or levels of lateral pressure, the stiffened plate collapses under axial in-plane compression in a simply supported mode. • With increase in the applied lateral pressure, collapse mode changes to a clamped mode. • With increase in the HAZ width in the plate, the ultimate strength of the stiffened plate decreases in a bilinear trend regardless of the value of lateral load. • Welding residual stresses lead to the reduction in the ultimate capacity of the stiffened plates. The amount of reduction is a function of both the type of stiffener and also the value of lateral pressure. • Maximum magnitude of initial deflection has a very slight amount of effect on the ultimate strength of stiffened aluminium plates.