ارزیابی مداخله افزایش خوداثربخشی واقعی و علاقه مندی در زنان دانشکده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|26172||2000||18 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7028 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Vocational Behavior, Volume 56, Issue 1, February 2000, Pages 35–52
High self-efficacy expectations in Realistic activities have been related to the pursuit of careers in engineering, science, and technology, where women have been historically underrepresented. Fifty-four college women were studied to determine if interventions based on self-efficacy theory would increase their confidence and interests in “Realistic” (from Holland's theory) activities (e.g., using tools, assembling, building, operating machinery). Interest and confidence levels were measured pre- and posttreatments. Participants were prescreened to identify those with at least moderate interest in Realistic activities, but who were also low in Realistic confidence. At posttreatment, the 24 participants in the treatment group showed a statistically significant increase in Realistic confidence relative to the control group of 30 that received a neutral intervention. Ways to increase women's Realistic confidence, and the relationships of confidence to interests and career pursuits, are discussed.