تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت جهانی در شبکه های متابولیک پویا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|26340||2010||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7252 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers & Chemical Engineering, Volume 34, Issue 5, 10 May 2010, Pages 770–781
In this work, we have performed global sensitivity analysis on a large-scale dynamic metabolic network through variance-based techniques. Time profiles for sensitivity indices have been calculated for each parameter, based on Sobol’ approach (2001). The global sensitivity analysis has been carried out on a dynamic model for the Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas pathway, the phosphotransferase system and the pentose-phosphate pathway of Escherichia coli K-12 strain W3110 ( Chassagnole et al., 2002). The model comprises eighteen dynamic mass balance equations for extracellular glucose and intracellular metabolites, thirty kinetic rate expressions and seven additional algebraic equations that represent concentration profiles for co-metabolites. Each parameter has been considered to have a normal probability distribution centered on its nominal value and sample sizes of two thousand and five hundred scenarios have been considered. The preceding analysis has allowed identification of eleven parameters as the most influential ones on the complex metabolic network under study.
During the last decade, there has been increasing interest in developing new products and processes using renewable resources through the discovery and optimization of new strains. At this point, metabolic engineering plays an important role because it deals with the improvement of cells, considering the possibility of introducing new pathways, delete or modify existing ones in cells, using genetic tools to achieve a specific goal (Bailey, 1991 and Stephanopoulos and Stafford, 2002). Nowadays it is possible to obtain data characterizing the status of microorganisms at genomic, proteomic, metabolomic and physiological levels, which can be used for metabolic network models development (Burgard and Maranas, 2001, Ghosh et al., 2005, Lee et al., 2000, Majewski and Domach, 1990, Namjoshi and Ramkrishna, 2005 and Varma and Palsson, 1994). It means that intracellular and extracellular metabolites concentrations, measurements of protein levels and activity are available, in most cases. Furthermore, the advances on experimental techniques and the consequent increase on the amount of accessible data on the dynamics of functioning cells allow the building of dynamic models for metabolic networks, which can predict the microbial behavior and constitute important tools in metabolic engineering. Dynamic models provide time profiles for the concentration of metabolites involved in the metabolic network under study (Diaz Ricci, 1996, Diaz Ricci, 2000, Diaz Ricci et al., 1991 and Rizzi et al., 1997). They comprise a nonlinear differential algebraic system of equations which arise from mass balances of metabolites and have a large number of kinetic parameters that must be estimated for a specific growth condition. However, uncertainty in input parameters has different effect on model outputs. Thus, prior to solving the inverse problem of estimating model parameters, a sensitivity analysis is required to determine which of them have the largest impact on model outputs. There are local and global sensitivity analysis methodologies. Local methods compute sensitivity indices as the first partial derivative of model variables with respect to the parameter of interest; i.e. they compute the effect of small changes of parameters on model outputs assuming linearity of variables around the nominal trajectory, varying one parameter at a time. Global sensitivity analysis methods (Saltelli et al., 2004, Saltelli et al., 1999, Sobol, 1990, Sobol, 2001 and Sobol and Levitan, 1999) are based on exploring the entire range of variation of model parameters through the application of sampling techniques such as Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) or Latin Hypercube (LHS). Although the disadvantage of these methods is its higher computational cost, the increasing computational power of computers allows their application even in complex models. Furthermore, they are model-independent because neither the assumption of linearity nor additivity is required (Saltelli et al., 2004). Regarding sensitivity of small dynamic metabolic networks, Mauch, Arnold, and Reuss (1997) proposed a local sensitivity method to determine stationary and time-dependent flux control coefficients and concentration control coefficients for a generic metabolic network and applied it to a metabolic network represented by two ordinary differential equations, with twelve parameters. Noack et al. (2008) applied local sensitivity analysis to an Escherichia coli dynamic metabolic network and developed animations as visualization techniques to present time varying sensitivities from the initial steady state up to the glucose pulse injection. Di Maggio et al., 2008a and Di Maggio et al., 2008b and Di Maggio, Diaz Ricci, and Diaz (2009) addressed sensitivity analysis through global techniques in a kinetic model of a metabolic network for reduced sets of parameters. In this work, we have performed global sensitivity analysis for a large-scale differential algebraic (DAE) system representing the complex dynamic metabolic network corresponding to the Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas pathway, the phosphotransferase system and the pentose-phosphate pathway of E. coli K-12 strain W3110 ( Chassagnole, Noisommit-Rizzi, Schimd, Mauch, & Reuss, 2002). Monte Carlo simulations have been performed for the calculation of times profiles for main effect indices in twenty input parameters, for main state differential and algebraic variables. Normal probability distributions have been associated to each parameter with media values taken from the literature. First and total sensitivity indices have been calculated for each parameter based on Sobol’ method (2001). Global sensitivity analysis results have allowed determination of parameters describing specific enzyme properties, which have high influence on the variability of the system output, i.e. metabolite concentrations or reaction rates, as well as non-significant model parameters and value ranges of parameters within which model outputs show extreme values.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Global sensitivity analysis has been performed to a large-scale metabolic network model, which comprises a differential algebraic system of equations. To our knowledge, this is the first time a large-scale DAE representing biological systems is studied through this methodology. First and total sensitivity indices have been calculated for state and algebraic model variables through a variance-based method, Sobol’ method, along the time horizon required to achieve a new steady state after a glucose pulse injection. By analysis of first order indices, eleven parameters have been identified as the most influential ones on model outputs throughout the entire time horizon. In spite of the fact that values for View the MathML sourceSiint, which quantifies interactions among model inputs, are small for some parameters, it is possible to assure that the model is non-additive. The parameter that most affects model variables is View the MathML sourcerPFKmax. This parameter is the maximum reaction rate of phosphofructokinase, which is a regulatory point in the metabolic network. Additionally, global sensitivity analysis has allowed determination of main parameters describing specific enzyme properties not belonging to regulatory points, which have high influence on the variability of metabolite concentrations and reaction rates, as well as non-significant model parameters throughout the entire time horizon required to achieve a new steady state after a substrate pulse injection. These results can be used for parameter estimation, as well as for deriving targets for genetic engineering.