استراتژی های شغلی، جستجو و کیفیت اشتغال دوباره: اثر انطباق پذیری شغلی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|26798||2010||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10497 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Vocational Behavior, Volume 77, Issue 1, August 2010, Pages 126–139
Past job-search research has focused on how hard unemployed people search for a job, but we still know little about the strategies that people use during their search and how we can predict the quality of the reemployment found. The first aim of this study was to predict the use of different job-search strategies via job-seekers' career adaptability. The second aim was to examine the impact of different job-search strategies on both the number of job-offers and the quality of the obtained job. In a two-wave study, 248 unemployed people indicated their career adaptability and the job-search strategies that they used. The use of a focused and exploratory strategy contributed to the number of job offers, whereas the use of an exploratory strategy reduced the quality of reemployment 8 months later. Moreover, career decision making and career confidence positively predicted reemployment quality. Implications for reemployment practice and further research are discussed.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In general, the job-search process can be divided into two dimensions of searching: intensity (searching hard) and strategy (searching smart). The current study shows that job-search strategies serve well as a predictor of successful reemployment and can explain more variance in reemployment quality than the much studied job-search intensity. Results supported the role of job-seekers' career adaptability as an important preparatory mechanism in the job-search process, influencing both one's job-search strategy and reemployment quality. The four dimensions, planning, decision making, exploration, and confidence, are all either directly related to reemployment outcomes or indirectly related to reemployment outcomes via the use of specific job-search strategies. The current study has also shown the consequences of using a specific job-search strategy. An exploratory strategy decreased reemployment quality, while a focused and exploratory strategy increased the number of job-offers. A haphazard strategy did not show any links to either of these reemployment outcomes, but it conceptually remains an inaccurate strategy to enhance the chances on successful reemployment. In sum, our study shows that old wisdom applies in the job-search process of finding reemployment, because—as they say—“well prepared is half done.”