تجزیه و تحلیل انرژی مورد انتظار برای مسئله برنامه ریزی عملیات صنعتی با پارامترهای زمان فازی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27102||2011||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6313 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers & Chemical Engineering, Volume 35, Issue 12, 14 December 2011, Pages 2905–2912
Industrial process planning is to make an optimal decision in terms of resource allocation. The planning objective can be to minimize the time required to complete a task, maximize customer satisfaction by completing orders in a timely fashion and minimize the cost required to complete a task. Based on time and energy consumption in an industrial process planning problem, a novel energy analysis method is proposed to solve it. According to different constraints and credibility theory, typical expected value models of energy for it are presented. In addition, a hybrid intelligent optimization algorithm integrating fuzzy simulation, neural network and genetic algorithm is provided for solving the proposed expected value models. Some numerical examples are also given to illustrate the proposed concepts and the effectiveness of the used algorithm.
Industrial process planning intends to perform the optimal resource allocation. Its objective can include minimizing the time required to complete a task, maximizing customer satisfaction by completing orders on time and minimizing the cost required to complete a task (Li & Ierapetritou, 2008). It is one of the important and fundamental problems in industries. An industrial process planning problem concerns a series of industrial process issues, such as project planning, disassembly planning and maintenance planning. Early industrial process planning mainly focuses on the deterministic optimization problem. Kelley, 1961 and Kelley, 1963 presents some function relationship between project cost and activity duration times and initially formulates a type of deterministic project scheduling problems with the objective to minimize the cost. Deterministic project planning aims to develop a detailed plan specifying activity start and end times/cost in light of precedence and resource constraints. For a review of models, algorithms, classification schemes, and benchmark problems, see Bottcher, Drexl, Kolisch, & Salewski (1999), Herroelen, De Reyck, & Demeulemeester (1998), and Kolisch and Padman (2001). However, in practice, much uncertainty may be encountered. To account for it, researchers have investigated the process planning problem with uncertain features. Charnes, Cooper, & Thompson (1964) study a stochastic project scheduling problem via chance-constrained programming, where completion time is to be minimized under some time chance constraint. Laslo, Golenko-Ginzburg, & Keren (2008) extend their model to a model with several machines. The solution of this problem is generated by a cyclic coordinate descent search-algorithm seeking the minimum total cost. A special dispatching rule is implemented in the scheduling simulation in order to simultaneously satisfy the scheduling restrictions and minimize the job-shop's expense. Bonfill, Espuna, & Puigjaner (2005) address robustness in scheduling batch processes with uncertain operation times. Kaufmann and Gupta (1988) discuss various types of project planning problems with fuzzy duration times. Ke and Liu (2010) present the project planning problem with fuzzy duration times to achieve the minimum cost. Eshtehardian, Afshar, & Abbasnia (2009) present a method to make the stochastic time-cost trade-off for the project planning problem. Based on the above discussions, the uncertain process planning problem has been studied extensively. Most of the exiting literature addressing uncertainty has been confined to the analysis of problems under the assumption of uncertain operation time or uncertain operation cost in process planning. However, in many cases, there are two or more variables in uncertain process planning. Consider the following examples: (1) When a certain project task is carried out, the project duration time is uncertain, and the working power is variational when a worker or a machine performs the project task. (2) When a certain disassembly task is carried out, the removal time is uncertain due to the influence of uncertain factors, and the operation power is variational when a worker or a machine performs the disassembly task. (3) When a maintenance task is carried out, the maintenance time is uncertain, and the working power is variational when a machine performs maintenance operation activities. In order to deal with these practical problems with multiple uncertain variables, there is a need for the introduction of a new methodology for computing their minimum expected energy. In this paper, the minimum expected energy is analyzed for process planning problems based on the credibility measure of fuzzy set theory (Liu, 2002 and Liu, 2004). In addition, the extension of the proposed methodology has broad applications in the following fields such as: transportation, communication, logistics, remanufacturing and project planning. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: Section 2 states typical expected value models of energy analysis for process planning problems. Section 3 introduces the algorithm to solve these models. In Section 4, presents some numerical examples to test the effectiveness of the used method. Finally, Section 5 concludes this work and describes future research issues.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
An industrial process planning problem is one of the hot ones. However, the current research mainly focuses on the evaluation of time and cost. In this paper, firstly, based on multiple variables (e.g. time and power variables) in industrial process planning problem, a novel energy analysis method is proposed to solve the process planning problem with fuzzy time and power parameters. Consequently, according to different actual process constraints, combined with the proposed energy analysis method, three typical expected value models for the industrial planning problem are firstly established. Finally, a hybrid intelligent algorithm integrating fuzzy simulation, neural network and genetic algorithm is used to solve the proposed expected value models of process planning problems. Compared with the exiting GA algorithm based on fuzzy simulation, the used algorithm has better efficiency at some small sacrifice of the optimality. There exits some limitations with the proposed method. For example, in many industrial process planning problems, there may be three or more variables. The method to find the shortest path for such problems needs future research.