برنامه ریزی فرایند سازگار STEP-NC به عنوان یک توانمندساز برای تولید جهانی تطبیقی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27161||2006||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Volume 22, Issues 5–6, October–December 2006, Pages 456–467
Manufacturing firms are seeking more efficient methods of CNC manufacture. ISO14649 informally known as STEP-NC has been proposed as a high-level hierarchical manufacturing information model as a replacement for the low-level machining instructions of ISO6983 and RS274D. In this paper, the applicability of STEP-NC as an enabler for creating an adaptive global manufacturing system is examined. The overall framework of the system is presented followed by an outline of its information requirements. Suitability of STEP-NC to support each requirement is then studied with the necessary additions highlighted. Finally, a test component is used in conjunction with a prototype of the advanced global manufacturing system to demonstrate the applicability of the STEP-NC standard to support manufacturing information in such a system.
The global demand for CNC-manufactured products has been on the rise since the advent of numerical control. Due to this ever-increasing demand and the increase in the transportation costs, in many cases it is no longer profitable to manufacture a product at one site and ship it to destinations around the world. To maintain profitability, companies have started moving their production facilities closer to their markets where cheaper labour is available. It is not uncommon for a company nowadays, to have several satellite CNC manufacturing venues around the world to address the demand of the global market. One of the problems for implementing this “global” manufacturing model is the fact that the facilities, manufacturing capabilities, knowledge and systems available in each local manufacturing venue can be different to those that exist in other venues. Having diverse CNC machining resources entails coping with numerous programming specifications. This frequently translates into the requirement for additional post-processors, manufacturing engineers and in many cases rework. Current CNC manufacturing chains are incapable of satisfying the requirements of a global manufacturing enterprise due to the resource-specific nature of the manufacturing information they rely on (i.e., G&M Code post-processing) and the restricted information flow among the components. To create an adaptive global manufacturing system that can manufacture identical products using different resources, it is necessary to utilise a resource-independent interoperable process plan. This process plan should include the information required to manufacture a component without being specific to the resources, which will be used in the manufacturing process. This paper explores the application of ISO14649 (STEP-NC) compliant process plans to support an adaptable global manufacturing system. A review of current integration techniques for CAD/CAM/CNC chains is presented followed by an overall framework for the adaptive manufacturing system. Information requirements within the framework for representing manufacturing data are then outlined. The applicability of STEP-NC compliant interoperable process plans containing manufacturing process and product data models for achieving resource independence and enabling adaptability is then studied as the major emphasis of this research. A test case is then presented where a prismatic component is process planned using a multi-agent-based STEP-NC compliant process planning system. The generated process plan is then interpreted both as a feature-based manufacturing instruction file (i.e., the Siemens ShopMill CAM suite) and a low-level G&M Code ISO6983 compliant part program file by the adaptive manufacturing system to demonstrate the interoperability of the STEP-NC compliant process plan.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The hierarchical manufacturing information model of STEP-NC contains the information necessary for creating the product data model and parts of the manufacturing resource model to support an adaptive global manufacturing system. • STEP-NC does not provide a method to store manufacturing resource information. As a result, the adaptive manufacturing system has to rely on additional standards to handle resource information. • The current STEP-NC standard contains semantic restrictions that hinder its applicability for interoperable use in an adaptive manufacturing environment. The standard as a result needs to be extended with some of the restrictions removed to allow adaptive manufacturing.