تجزیه و تحلیل حساسیت منطقه ای از عدم قطعیت و معرفتی در مورد احتمال شکست
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27226||2014||17 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10386 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Volume 46, Issue 2, 3 June 2014, Pages 209–226
To analyze the effects of specific regions of the aleatory and epistemic uncertain variables on the failure probability, a regional sensitivity analysis (RSA) technique called contribution to failure probability (CFP) plot is developed in this paper. This RSA technique can detect the important aleatory and epistemic uncertain variables, and also measure the contribution of specific regions of these important input variables to failure probability. When computing the proposed CFP, the aleatory and epistemic uncertain variables are modeled by random and interval variables, respectively. Then based on the hybrid probabilistic and interval model (HPIM) and the basic probability assignments in evidence theory, the failure probability of the structure with aleatory and epistemic uncertainties can be obtained through a successive construction of the second-level limit state function and the corresponding reliability analysis. Kriging method is used to establish the surrogate model of the second-level limit state function to improve the computational efficiency. Two practical examples are employed to test the effectiveness of the proposed RSA technique, and the efficiency and accuracy of the established kriging-based solution.
In engineering design and risk assessment, the sensitivity analysis (SA) aims to ascertain how the model input factors affect the output, and guides engineers to analyze, forecast and optimize the structural system with uncertainty  and . During the past few years, SA, especially global sensitivity analysis (GSA), has been widely developed and used in engineering applications. GSA focuses on measuring the contribution of the input uncertainty to the model output by exploring the whole distribution range of the model inputs . At the present time, many GSA analysis techniques have been proposed based on each context: Saltelli et al.  and Helton  and  discussed the non-parametric methods, Sobol  and , Saltelli et al.  and Rabitzet et al.  and  established the theoretical and numerical background for the variance-based importance measure, Borgonovo  put forward the definition of moment independent measures  and , and Liu and Chen  proposed a relative entropy based on GSA method that studied the impact of an input variable on either the whole or partial distribution range of a response. All these GSA techniques cannot tell which part in the range of the important input variables contributes most to the model output, i.e., they cannot identify the intra-variable importance. However, it is especially crucial to identify the important region of an input variable in engineering, since it can provide guidance to the engineer how to deal with the input variables to reduce the output uncertainty. To cope with this problem, many researchers have begun to develop the regional sensitivity analysis (RSA). In 1993, Sinclair  proposed the contribution to the sample mean (CSM) plot which was further developed by Bolado-Lavin et al. . The RSA can identify the contribution of specific regions of the input variable to the mean value of the model output. In light of this, Tarantola et al.  extended the CSM to the RSA of the input variables on the variance of the model output called contribution to sample variance (CSV) plot. All the GSA techniques discussed above only considered problems with aleatory uncertainty. However, the available data are frequently limited and of poor quality in engineering applications ,  and . So the uncertain structure usually contains not only the aleatory uncertain variables but also the epistemic uncertain variables. Sankararaman and Mahadevan  recently proposed a GSA technique to separate the contributions of variability and distribution parameter uncertainty to the overall uncertainty. In order to analyze the effects of specific regions of the two types of uncertainty on the failure probability which is paid more attention to in reliability analysis and reliability-based design, a new RSA technique called contribution to the failure probability (CFP) plot, which can be seen as the extension of CSM  and CSV , is proposed in this paper. The proposed RSA can provide useful information for reliability design and optimization directly. In this paper, aleatory uncertainty is modeled as random variables by probability theory, and epistemic uncertainty is modeled as interval variables by evidence theory. Combining the hybrid probabilistic and interval model (HPIM)  with unified uncertainty analysis  and , a HPIM-based analysis approach for the aleatory and epistemic uncertainties is established to compute failure probability of the uncertain structure. In order to improve the computational efficiency, a kriging-based solution is proposed to solve CFP in this paper. This solution employs the kriging surrogate method to fit the second-level limit state function, which is established by analyzing the non-probabilistic reliability index of the structure with random and interval variables. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: In Section 2 the unified uncertainty analysis model and HPIM are reviewed, and then the HPIM-based unified uncertainty analysis approach is established to analyze the two types of uncertainty. In Section 3 the CSM and CSV plots are briefly reviewed. In Section 4 the RSA with aleatory and epistemic uncertainties on the failure probability is established, and the direct computational solution and kriging-based solution are proposed for calculating this sensitivity. Two engineering examples are tested in Section 5 to demonstrate the effectiveness, accuracy and efficiency of the proposed kriging-based solution. Section 6 gives conclusions.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
A new regional sensitivity analysis (RSA) technique called CFP plot is developed to measure the contribution of specific distribution regions of the input aleatory and epistemic uncertain variables to the failure plausibility measure. The definition of CFP plot is given, and its properties are analyzed and proved. The solutions of the RSA technique are established based on HPIM-based analysis approach for the aleatory and epistemic uncertain variables. In order to reduce the computational cost, the kriging method is employed to establish the surrogate function of the second-level limit state function in the HPIM. The proposed RSA technique can reflect the effect of the internal regions of the aleatory and epistemic uncertain variables on the failure plausibility measure, which can provide information about how much the failure plausibility measure can be reduced and what is the most effective way to do it. The MC solution can provide the approximately exact solution for the RSA, but the high computational cost restricts the applications of this solution in engineering. So kriging-based solution is proposed for the RSA, and it can improve the computational efficiency of the RSA considerably with high accuracy. And this solution is appropriate for any form of input variables and the limit state function. This RSA technique is an additional product of the failure plausibility measure. It can be obtained with solving the failure plausibility measure without any additional computational cost. It is worth noting that the RSA technique on the failure plausibility measure can be directly extended to RSA on the failure belief measure, which can provide substantial information to engineering design.