توسعه پایدار کمپ: درک دانشجو در کمپ برنامه ریزی توسعه فیزیکی در مالزی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27393||2011||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 20, 2011, Pages 230–237
Campus physical development plan is an effective tool to shaping campuses’ life, especially among students to promote a sustainable living community. The purpose of this study is to asses and evaluates student's perception about the physical development planning of their campuses. The case study conducted in four public research university campuses. The quantitative and qualitative methods have been use in this study. Quantitative method involved data collection by using questionnaire distributed to 100 students for each campus. While the qualitative methods involved behavioural observation and visual study. The findings from qualitative methods clarified the quantitative data. The overall findings revealed that all campuses had a similar typical problem. However, there are differences about the extent or severity of the problems in each campus. The result shows that the most compact campus (USM) among these campuses, have a minimal problems in term of physical development planning that affect student's life compared to others campuses.
Sustainable development means development that meets current needs without compromising the needs of future generations  by focusing on a balance of environmental, social and economic . In the other hand, the number of students who further their studies at universities is increasing every year. Thusuniversities must have a long term development plans for their campuses  or better known as sustainable development nowadays. The importance of sustainable development can be seen on many campuses when many universities have established the „green campus‟, promoted its implementation  and making sustainability a priority in the campus planning and development . This is because there are many benefits that can be achieved through the development of a sustainable campus  when there is a balance in the three aspects of economic, social and environment . However, there are still many who view sustainable development from the aspect of environmental alone [7,4]. From the view of physical development planning, a wide and disperse planning contrast to the concept of sustainability as it increases the distance between areas; increasing reliance on vehicles; increasing air pollution; create accessibility problems, constrict infrastructure and facilities management, reduce energy efficiency, create poor social life and many more . In term of campus planning,  stated that there are three (3) aspects that should be emphasized; accessibility, safety and social engagement. Research on compact planning practices found that the approach providing a suitable environment to support all the three aspects. In addition, this planning approach also provide various advantages in other aspect such as circulation, transportation, provision of facilities and other related aspects. Analysis by  found that there are seven advantages when implementing the compact development, such as: a) Minimized land used b) Reduce vehicle reliance c) Reduce resource consumption and pollution d) Encourage the usage of public transport, walking and cycling e) Increasing accessibility to facilities and services areas f) More efficient provision of infrastructure and utilities g) Redevelop used area.  analysis showed that compact development planning affect all three aspects in sustainability; social, economy and environment. Besides , there are some researchers recognized the benefit of compact development planning such as ,  and . The study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of the approach of campuses‟ physical development in Malaysia on cam0us sustainability. Assessment was undertaken on the perception of students about the environment and life on their campuses. The result of this assessment was then compared between the campuses. This paper will discuss a part of the research including campus layout structure, accessibility, safety and lighting.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Result showed that the physical development planning of the campuses are weak and not well-planned. Wide and dispersed planning approach creates a bad impact on students‟ life. It will reduce the level of accessibility, safety and lighting. In addition, it constricts the provision of the facilities throughout the campus. Referring to the findings obtained, the USM campus which is the most compact campus compared to others show minimum problems. This proves that the compact planned campus is more practical to provide and support the sustainability in campus. This statement fulfill the view of others researchers such as Burton (2000), Burns (2001) and Santana et al. (2009).