کنترل یادگیری تکراری ثابت کشور برای نوعی از فرآیندهای PDE خطی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27442||2011||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8185 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Process Control, Volume 21, Issue 8, September 2011, Pages 1155–1163
In this paper, a P-type steady-state iterative learning control (ILC) scheme is applied to the boundary control of a class of nonlinear processes described by partial differential equations (PDEs), which cover many important industrial processes such as heat exchangers, industrial chemical reactors, biochemical reactors, and biofilters. Under several practical properties such as physical input–output monotonicity, process stability, and repeatability, the control problem is first transformed to an output regulation problem in the spatial domain. Next, the learning convergence condition of steady-state ILC, the learning rate, as well as the robustness, are derived through rigorous analysis. The adopted ILC scheme fully utilizes the process repetition and deals with both parametric and non-parametric uncertainties. In the end, an illustrative example is presented to demonstrate the performance of the proposed ILC scheme.
Iterative learning control is a scheme that learns and improves the performance of a system when the control task repeats ,  and . For processes in repetitive operation mode, e.g., casting , rapid thermal processing , chemical polymerization/crystallization  and , industrial injection molding  and , ILC has achieved remarkable control performances. In those applications, different ILC algorithms, from P-type ILC to higher-order PD-type ILC, have been explored and tested. The main idea of ILC is to incorporate control and error information of the previous iterations into the control for the current iteration so as to improve the tracking accuracy, and ultimately achieve the desired control performance. ILC is playing an important role in controlling repeatable processes with parametric or non-parametric uncertainties . Despite the significant progress of ILC for finite dimensional systems, studies on ILC for distributed parameter processes or infinite-dimensional processes are limited due to the interweave of 3D dynamics in the time, space, and iteration domains. Three related works were found in this field, one is based on semigroup theory and the other two are based on Lyapunov theory. In , the design of P-type and D-Type ILC laws for a class of infinite-dimensional linear systems is considered using variable separation technique and distributed control. In , differential-difference type ILC is argumented with P controller to attenuate the unknown periodic speed variation for a stretched string system on a transporter. In , the similar ILC scheme is combined with PD controller to compensate for the unknown periodic motion on the right end for a class of axially moving material systems. While the control variables are boundary forces in  and , they are mainly designed for the stability maintainance of mechanical processes. As a matter of fact, many chemical, biochemical, nuclear, thermo, and hydro dynamic processes are inherently nonlinear and are characterized by the presence of strong spatial variations due to the coupling of diffusive and convective mechanisms . The mathematical models, which describe the spatiotemporal behavior of these processes, are typically obtained from the dynamic conservation principles and formulated by partial differential equations. In this work, we extend the framework of ILC to a class of single-input single-output (SISO) quasi-linear PDE processes that include many important industrial processes as special cases, e.g., industrial chemical reactors , heat exchangers , biochemical reactors , and biofilters for air and water pollution control . The control objective is to iteratively tune the velocity boundary condition on one side such that the boundary output at the other side can be regulated to a desired level. For practical applications of ILC, it is imperative to consider robustness and learning rate when process uncertainties are present . When dealing with distributed parameter systems, especially in the scenario of boundary control and nonlinear PDE processes, the ILC design and property analysis become far more challenging. The existing ILC design and analysis , , ,  and  may not be directly applicable. The main result of the paper reveals that, under some physically reasonable properties, such as input–output monotonicity, process stability, and repeatability, the control problem can be first transformed into an output regulation problem in the spatial domain. Without considering the transient behavior of process, the learning convergence condition of steady-state ILC, the learning rate, as well as the robustness, can be derived through rigorous analysis. One motivation of choosing ILC is to avoid using an instantaneous feedback control scheme, because feedback may result in instability problems in the presence of time delay and system uncertainties. On the contrary, ILC is a kind of feedforward control law, while does not cause any closed-loop stability issue in the time domain. Moreover, compared with adaptive control  and  and backstepping design  and  for the boundary control of PDE processes, the steady-state ILC mechanism is much simple, able to fully utilize the task repetition. Thus, the control scheme is suitable for implementation on biochemical reactors  and industrial chemical reactors . Throughout this paper, denote R the set of real numbers, R+ the positive part of R, and View the MathML sourceH(E,Rn) an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space of n -dimensional vector functions defined on a domain E . For a scalar function f (t ) or a vector-valued function f(t ), View the MathML sourcef¯ and View the MathML sourcef¯ denote their steady states respectively. Denote |· | an absolute value, || · || the vector norm or induced matrix norm, of a quantity. For clarity, theory proofs are all arranged in Appendices.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, the study indicates that a class of nonlinear PDE processes can be regulated by a steady-state ILC law, which is designed with rigorous analysis on convergence, learning rate, and robustness. The advantages of the proposed controller are its simple structure, guaranteed convergence, and capability of dealing with parametric/non-parametric uncertainties and input saturations. The proposed scheme is also applicable to more sophisticated PDE processes. In the next research phase, we will further consider tracking tasks in boundary control of PDE processes using ILC.