کنترل یادگیری تکراری ترمینال مطلوب با داده ها
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27551||2012||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Process Control, Volume 22, Issue 10, December 2012, Pages 2026–2037
This paper presents a data-driven optimal terminal iterative learning control (TILC) approach for linear and nonlinear discrete-time systems. The iterative learning control law is updated from only terminal output tracking error instead of entire output trajectory tracking error. The only required knowledge of a controlled system is that the Markov matrices of linear systems or the partial derivatives of nonlinear systems with respect to control inputs are bounded. Rigorous analysis and convergence proof are developed with sufficient conditions for the terminal ILC design and the results are developed for both linear and nonlinear discrete-time systems. Simulation results illustrate the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed approach.
In many real plants, such as typical rapid thermal processing (RTP) systems for chemical vapor deposition (RTPCVD) , robot manipulators , and batch to batch processes , their main features include (1) the system executes a given task repeatedly; (2) the only available measurement is the terminal state or terminal output; (3) the ultimate control objective is also the terminal state or terminal output instead of the entire trajectory of the system output. This repeatability can be utilized to improve system control performance by iterative learning control (ILC) methods , ,  and . Conventional ILCs handle a desired output trajectory in a given time interval and they are not applicable to this control task because the exact measurement of the system state or output is impossible . To overcome these problems, terminal iterative learning control (TILC)  is introduced to use the terminal point only at the end of every run. Now terminal ILC is becoming a new research direction of ILC with many applications , , , , , ,  and . Paper  presented a higher-order TILC for linear time-varying systems using basis functions to parameterize control input. However, the selection of basis function is not a trivial task for engineers in practice since there is little knowledge about the controlled system. Recently, some optimal terminal ILC approaches (OTILC) were developed in  and  by introducing the explicit optimization objective into the terminal ILC design. It is noted when it is difficult to find function derivatives or if finding such derivatives are time consuming, some gradient-free optimization algorithms , such as the simplex method , quasi-gradient method , quasi-Newton method , genetic algorithm , differential evolution algorithm (DE) , and particle swarm optimization , can be used to solve these optimal control problems. In fact, the optimal control can be regarded as a special optimization problem, where the controlled system acts as the constraint conditions and thus it must be known exactly. As a result, a main limitation of traditional optimal control approach is the requirement of the knowledge of a perfect model. In lack of an accurate model, the monotonic convergence is no longer guaranteed. Thus, similar to the existed optimal ILC approaches , ,  and , the existing optimal TILC  and  is lack of flexibility regarding modifications and expansions of the controlled plant. Xiong and Zhang  proposed a neural network model based batch-to-batch optimal TILC strategy. Selection of a proper neural network requires some efforts in practice. This work aims to develop a new data-driven optimal terminal ILC, which is applicable to both linear and nonlinear systems. All system states are not measurable and all system matrices are unknown. We only require that the system matrices are bounded. The presented approach consists of a control input iterative learning law and a Markov matrix iterative updating law. Furthermore, the results are extended to nonlinear discrete-time systems where we only need to know the existence of the boundedness of the partial derivative of nonlinear system with respect to control input without requiring their exact values. The presented data-driven OTILC approach of nonlinear systems consists of a control input iterative learning law and a partial derivatives iterative updating law. The distinct features of the presented approaches are as follows: (1) The learning gain of the optimal control law is derived from the estimation of Markov matrix or partial derivatives, and can be updated iteratively using the measured I/O data only. (2) The proposed approach is considered “data-driven” or “model-free”, since the controller design and analysis requires only the measurement I/O data without using any model information of the plant. Simulation study shows that the proposed approaches are effectiveness and are invariant to changes in the controlled plant. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Section 2 formulates the problem of optimal terminal ILC. Section 3 develops the design of the optimal TILC. Section 4 shows the stability and convergence of the TILC system with rigorous analysis. Section 5 presents the extension to nonlinear discrete-time systems are developed in Section 5. Section 6 provides simulation results to illustrate the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed approach. Finally, some conclusions are given in Section 7.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This work provides a generic data-driven design approach for terminal ILC only using the terminal output tracking error instead of the whole output trajectory tracking error. The controller design and analysis only depends on the measured I/O data of the plant without requiring any other model information. The learning gain matrix of the optimal learning control law is obtained and updated iteratively. Rigorous mathematical analysis is developed to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Extensive simulation results show the data-driven nature of the proposed optimal ILC further.