تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد از یک طرح تخصیص کانال در سیستم های ارتباطی تلفن همراه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27552||2001||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3890 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computer Communications, Volume 24, Issues 7–8, 1 April 2001, Pages 724–730
In cellular communication systems, channel assignment schemes are very important to improve teletraffic performance characteristics. Because of the overlapping design of the cells in cellular communication systems, a mobile user is capable of communicating with two different bases. In this paper, a new channel assignment scheme is proposed to improve the blocking probability of a cellular communication system. The blocking probability of the cellular communication systems is analyzed based on Markov chain. According to the analytical results, the proposed channel assignment scheme shows different characteristics in comparison with fixed channel assignment scheme.
The rapid growth in the demand for mobile communications has led to research and development towards new cellular systems. In general, the handover provides continuation of calls as the mobile user travels across cell boundaries, where new channels are assigned by new bases. The performance characteristics of a cellular system include the blocking probability of new calls, the blocking probability of handoff calls, and the total carried traffic. A mobile user will request a handoff when its received signal strength is below a threshold level or another base station exists which can provide a higher received signal strength. In selecting a channel assignment scheme, the objective is to achieve a high degree of utilization and reduce the blocking probability of new calls and handoff calls. Improving the blocking probability of new calls and handoff calls is certainly one of the major challenges in cellular system design. In cellular communication systems, channels are allocated to bases by various channel assignment schemes. In fixed channel assignment scheme (FCA) specific groups of channels are assigned to a base in such a way that the base can assign channels to users independently. Because of the overlapping design of the cells in a cellular system, a mobile user is capable of communicating with more than two bases. Channel assignment and bandwidth reservation to support handoff have been previously studied , , , , , , , , , ,  and . Lin  proposed a channel assignment scheme that when a handoff occurs to a base where there is not enough bandwidth a channel currently being used is divided into two subchannels. One channel is to serve the existing call that is currently using the channel, and the other channel is to serve the handoff call. Some researches , ,  and  discuss schemes based on dynamic channel assignment. In the dynamic channel assignment schemes, channels are assigned to different neighboring cells to reduce interference and to increase overall system capacity. For example, channels assigned to mobile users in progress may be reallocated to avoid neighboring cells using the same channel simultaneously. References ,  and  consider bandwidth reservation for handoff calls to guarantee high connectivity of admitted calls. Two bandwidth-reservation schemes  and  proposed a fixed number of channels in each base, which are reserved exclusively for handoffs. These schemes also allow queuing of handoff requests when one of the reserved channels is available. Some channel assignment schemes utilizing the overlapping coverage have been suggested ,  and . Choudhury  proposed a generalized fixed channel assignment scheme that allows a call to be served by any of neighboring bases. Eklundh  proposed directed retry that allows a new call that can not be served at one base to attempt access via a nearby alternate base. Karlsson  proposed an enhancement of directed retry, which allows calls in congested cells to be served by a neighboring cell. Chu  developed an analytical model to determine blocking probability, forced-termination probability, handoff activity, and carried traffic for systems with overlapping coverage and channel rearrangement. Oliverira  proposed an admission control scheme based on adaptive bandwidth reservation to provide quality of service guarantees in multimedia personal communication systems. The proposed scheme provides the QoS guarantee by reserving bandwidth in cells surrounding the cell where a connection is established. It may be advantageous to reduce the blocking probability of handoff calls, although it may increase the blocking probability of new calls. The reason is that a fail handoff call results in interruptions of service. This paper proposed a new channel assignment scheme, which shows different performance characteristics in cellular communication systems. This paper is organized as followed. In Section 2, the proposed channel assignment scheme is described in detail. In Section 3, the blocking probability of new calls and handoff calls is analyzed. In Section 4, discussion of numerical results is provided. Section 5 gives a conclusion.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, a new channel assignment scheme is proposed. In the proposed channel assignment scheme, If the condition that ((C−n(t))λ)/(μdn(t))>S is held, the new arriving call is assigned a channel by the base. On the contrary, if the condition that ((C−n(t))λ)/(μdn(t))>S is not held, the new arriving call is blocked by the base. The parameter S controls the blocking probability of new calls and handoff calls. In the proposed channel assignment scheme, when the handoff departure rate μd increases, the blocking probability of the handoff calls decreases and remains low. However, in the fixed channel assignment scheme, when the handoff departure rate μd increases, the blocking probability of the handoff calls increases. The reason lies in that in the proposed channel assignment scheme, the number of reserved channel is adaptively adjusted with the handoff departure rate.