برنامه نویسی تکاملی مبتنی بر پخش بار بهینه و اعتبار آن برای تجزیه و تحلیل سیستم های قدرت تجدید ساختار شده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27973||2007||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5583 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 65–75
Optimal power flow (OPF) has been widely used in power system operation and planning. In deregulated environment of power sector, it is of increasing importance, for determination of electricity prices and also for congestion management. The classical methods are usually confirmed to specific cases of the OPF and do not offer great freedom in objective functions or the types of constraints that may be used. With a non-monotonic solution surface, classical methods are highly sensitive to starting points and frequently converge to local optimal solution or diverge altogether. This paper describes an efficient evolutionary programming based optimal power flow and compares its results with well known classical methods, in order to prove its validity for present deregulated power system analysis.
The OPF optimizes a power system operating objective function, while satisfying a set of system constraints. In general, OPF problem is a large dimension nonlinear, non-convex and highly constrained optimization problem. It is non-convex due to existence of nonlinear AC power flow equality constraints, non-convex unit operating cost functions and units with prohibited operating zones. This non-convexity is further increased when valve point loading effects of the thermal generators have to be included  or FACTS devices are included in the network. Many classical techniques have been reported in the literature , ,  and , such as nonlinear programming (NLP), quadratic programming (QP) and linear programming (LP). The gradient based methods  and  and Newton methods  suffer from the difficulty in handling inequality constraints. Moreover, these NLP and QP methods rely on convexity to obtain the global optimum solution and as such are forced to simplify relationships in order to ensure convexity. To apply linear programming , input–output function is to be expressed as a set of linear functions, which may lead to loss of accuracy. Moreover they are not guaranteed to converge to the global optimum of the general non-convex OPF problem. These days, genetic algorithm (GA) , , ,  and  and evolutionary programming techniques (EP) , ,  and  has been suggested to overcome the above-mentioned difficulties of classical methods. In these days, an evolutionary programming approach has been used to solve OPF for the analysis of deregulated model  and . So it is necessary to validate the proposed approach with the help of well known basic classical technique likes gradient steepest descent method. In this paper, OPF algorithm of three approaches, steepest descent method, GA and EP have been developed and applied to IEEE-30 bus test system and their results are compared. In order to, further confirm the validity; the results of EP are also compared with results obtained using matlab optimization toolbox.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper EP based OPF algorithm has been validated with classical gradient method and matlab optimization tools. It has been observed that optimal solution obtained by EP-OPF is very close to that obtained by classical methods and it is better than GA-OPF. So the proposed EP-OPF method is most suitable and valid for incorporating new objective functions and constraints arising from deregulated environment of modern power sectors.