مقایسه هایی بین تعادل هارمونیک و تابع پاسخ فرکانس خروجی غیر خطی در تجزیه و تحلیل سیستم غیر خطی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|27986||2008||18 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8535 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Sound and Vibration, Volume 311, Issues 1–2, 18 March 2008, Pages 56–73
By using the Duffing oscillator as a case study, this paper shows that the harmonic components in the nonlinear system response to a sinusoidal input calculated using the nonlinear output frequency response functions (NOFRFs) are one of the solutions obtained using the harmonic balance method (HBM). A comparison of the performances of the two methods shows that the HBM can capture the well-known jump phenomenon, but is restricted by computational limits for some strongly nonlinear systems and can fail to provide accurate predictions for some harmonic components. Although the NOFRFs cannot capture the jump phenomenon, the method has few computational restrictions. For the nonlinear damping systems, the NOFRFs can give better predictions for all the harmonic components in the system response than the HBM even when the damping system is strongly nonlinear.
Nonlinear oscillator models have been widely used in many areas of physics and engineering and are of significant importance in mechanical and structural dynamics for the comprehensive understanding and accurate prediction of motion. Various approaches, including the perturbation method , , , ,  and , multiple scale method , , , ,  and , and the harmonic balance method (HBM) , , , , , , , , , ,  and  have been developed to study the forced periodic motions of these nonlinear oscillators. Among these methods, the HBM is considered to be one of powerful methods capable of handling strongly nonlinear behaviours and, it can converge to an accurate periodic solution for smooth nonlinear systems . The HBM method is based on the assumption that the system time domain response can be expressed in the form of a Fourier series. Therefore, the HBM is usually used to study nonlinear systems where the output responses of which are periodic in time. Such nonlinear systems range from models as simple as the Duffing oscillator  to more complex models such as cracked rotors . More applications of the HBM can be found in the study of the nonlinear response of airfoils  and , nonlinear conservative systems , hysteretic two-degree-of-freedom systems , the third-order (jerk) differential equations  and the Jeffcott rotor . By using the HBM, some interesting phenomena unique to nonlinear systems have been observed, among which the most well known is jump phenomenon where the response amplitude of a nonlinear oscillator changes suddenly at some critical value of the frequency of the excitation . Although the basic idea of the HBM is quite simple (to substitute a Fourier series form solution of the system time domain response into the governing equations of the system under study, and to equate coefficients of the same harmonic components), its implementation is actually not easy . First, if many frequency components are taken into account in the HBM to reach accurate results, it is highly possible for the HBM to fail. Second, for the Duffing oscillator, the HBM is typically easy to implement but, for models with more complex nonlinearities, it may be very difficult or impossible to implement. Moreover, it is always necessary to write specific computation programs for different nonlinear models , and that is why improved HBM need to be developed. The Volterra series approach ,  and  is another powerful method for the analysis of nonlinear systems, which extends the well-known concept of the convolution integral for linear systems to a series of multidimensional convolution integrals. The Fourier transforms of the Volterra kernels, called generalised frequency response functions (GFRFs) , are an extension of the linear frequency response function (FRF) to the nonlinear case. If a differential equation or discrete-time model is available for a nonlinear system, the GFRFs can be determined using the algorithm in Refs. ,  and . However, the GFRFs are multidimensional functions  and , which can be much more complicated than the linear FRF and can be difficult to measure, display and interpret in practice. Recently, a novel concept known as nonlinear output frequency response functions (NOFRFs) was proposed by the authors . The concept can be considered to be an alternative extension of the classical FRF for linear systems to the nonlinear case. NOFRFs are one-dimensional functions of frequency, which allows the analysis of nonlinear systems to be implemented in a manner similar to the analysis of linear systems and provides great insight into the mechanisms which dominate many nonlinear behaviours. For a nonlinear system subjected to a harmonic input, the response could also be described by a Fourier series using the NOFRFs. The present study is concerned with a comparison study between the NOFRFs and HBM methods in the analysis of a class of nonlinear systems.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The HBM is a well-established method for the analysis of nonlinear systems, the time domain response of which can be expressed as a Fourier series. The NOFRFs are a new concept proposed by the authors, which has been derived from the Volterra series and can be considered to be an extension of the classic FRF to the nonlinear case. When a nonlinear system is subjected to harmonic inputs, the system response can be directly expressed as a Fourier series using the NOFRFs. In this paper, using the well-known Duffing oscillator as a case study, the relationship between the HBM and the NOFRFs has been investigated. The results revealed that the harmonic components calculated using the NOFRFs are one of the solutions obtained using the HBM. The concept of the NOFRF has a solid theoretical basis—the Volterra series. The relationship which has been investigated in this study between the two methods should help researchers and engineers to understand the HBM and the NOFRF methods. The HBM is based on the assumption that the responses of the nonlinear systems consist of only harmonic components, but the method cannot explain why super-harmonics will appear when the nonlinear system is subject to a sinusoidal input. Even though the HBM can reveal sub-resonance phenomenon, for example the maximum at ωF=1/3ω0ωF=1/3ω0 in Fig. 1(b), it cannot account for this nonlinear phenomenon. However, the NOFRFs can give a theoretical explanation for both the appearances of super-harmonics and sub-resonance; more details can be found in reference . In addition, comparative studies using numerical methods have shown the HBM can capture the well-known jump phenomenon, but it will suffer from the computational limits. If more frequency components are taken into account in the HBM, it is highly possible for the software to fail to find solution. Therefore, for some strongly nonlinear systems, the HBM cannot provide accurate predictions of the harmonic components in the responses. The NOFRFs cannot capture jump phenomenon in the Duffing oscillator because the Volterra series theory doesn’t work at the region around the jump point. But the NOFRFs does not suffer from the computational limits and can always be implemented in a few seconds. For some nonlinear systems, like the nonlinear damping oscillator (44), the NOFRFs can give much better predictions of the harmonic components compared to the HBM even if such systems are strongly nonlinear.