دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 28217
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مدل سازی و تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد از قدرت کارآمد مدیریت موقعیت چند لایه در WLAN و شبکه تلفن همراه

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
28217 2013 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
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عنوان انگلیسی
Modeling and performance analysis of power efficient multi-tier location management in interworked WLAN and cellular network
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Mathematical and Computer Modelling, Volume 57, Issues 11–12, June 2013, Pages 2764–2775

کلمات کلیدی
دسترسی به شبکه های چند رادیویی - مدیریت انرژی و توان چند رادیویی - مدیریت موقعیت - ثبت نام موقعیت - صفحه بندی - مصرف برق -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مدل سازی و تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد از قدرت کارآمد مدیریت موقعیت چند لایه در WLAN و شبکه تلفن همراه

چکیده انگلیسی

In multi-radio access networks, it is essential to support multi-tier location management to mobile stations (MSs) with multi-radio interfaces, in order to deliver incoming calls to appropriate radio access networks. In multi-tier location management, the location information of MSs at multi-radio access networks should be managed in an integrated way, and single registration (SR) and multi registration (MR) are widely used multi-tier location management schemes. In SR, MSs register at the registration area (RA) of only one of available access networks. In MR, on the other hand, MSs register at the RAs of all available access networks simultaneously. However, battery power consumption is significant in both SR and MR, since multiple radio interfaces operate simultaneously. Recently, works on efficient power management (EPM) have been carried out in interworked WLAN and cellular network by turning off the WLAN interface when it is not active because the idle state power consumption of WLAN interface is significant. In EPM, if a voice over IP (VoIP) call arrives at WLAN, it is notified through a less power-consuming cellular interface. The paging via cellular interface, however, generates significant signaling load at radio interface because paging has to be performed to all cells within a registration area (RA) of cellular network. In this paper, we propose power efficient multi-tier location management schemes, i.e., power efficient SR (PSR) and power efficient MR (PMR), based on the tradeoff between SR/MR and EPM. The performance of the proposed schemes is analyzed in terms of signaling load and energy consumption. The results show that PSR and PMR have significantly lower signaling load than EPM and have significantly smaller energy consumption than SR/MR.

مقدمه انگلیسی

1.1. Background Next generation mobile communication networks consist of multi-radio access networks, such as cellular network, WiMAX, and wireless local area network (WLAN). Each access network is complementary to each other from the aspect of service coverage area, mobility support, transmission bandwidth, etc. For example, high mobility support and large service coverage area are provided in cellular network. On the other hand, high bandwidth is provided with a cheap price in WLAN, although mobility is limited. Therefore, it is possible to select an appropriate access network via mobile stations (MSs) with multi-radio interfaces. In multi-radio access networks, it is essential to support multi-tier location management to MSs with multi-radio interfaces, in order to deliver an incoming call to an appropriate radio access network. In multi-tier location management, the location information of MSs at multi-radio access networks should be managed in an integrated way. 1.2. Multi-tier location management Single registration (SR) and multi registration (MR) are widely used multi-tier location management schemes [1], [2] and [3]. In SR, MSs register at the registration area (RA) of only one of available access networks. In MR, on the other hand, MSs register at the RAs of all available access networks simultaneously. Fig. 1 shows SR in multi-tier network architecture, which consists of low-tier network L and high-tier network H. Low-tier network has small coverage area and does not cover the whole area continuously. On the other hand, high-tier network covers large area and overlays low-tier network. For example, if we consider interworked WLAN and cellular network, low-tier network corresponds to WLAN and high-tier network corresponds to cellular network. Multi-tier home location register (MHLR) manages the RA information at which MSs are currently registered. Full-size image (44 K) Fig. 1. Single registration (SR) scheme. Figure options In SR, if an MS is located at high-tier network initially, it registers the high-tier network RA at MHLR. On the other hand, if an MS is located at low-tier network initially, it registers the low-tier network RA at MHLR, although the MS is also located at overlaid high-tier network. This is because it is generally assumed that low-tier network provides cheaper services than high-tier network. If an MS pp moves into high-tier RA H1 from another high-tier RA H0, it registers H1 at MHLR and H0 is deregistered (Step a). Then, if the MS moves to L1, it registers L1 at MHLR and deregisters H1 at MHLR (Step b). If the MS moves back to H1, it registers H1 at MHLR again and deregisters L1 (Step c). If the MS moves to new low-tier L2, it registers L2 at MHLR and H1 is deregistered (Step d). In MR, an MS registers at the RAs of all available networks at MHLR simultaneously, as shown in Fig. 2 [1], [2] and [3], where high-tier RA H0 and low-tier RA L0 are registered at MHLR initially. If an MS pp moves into high-tier RA H1 from another high-tier RA H0, it registers H1 at MHLR and low-tier location information L0 is still registered at MHLR (Step a). Then, if it moves to L1, it registers L1 at MHLR and L0 is deregistered (Step b). In Step b, it is noted that no deregistration for H1 is performed. If the MS moves back to H1, there is no registration and deregistration since there is no need of location information change at MHLR (Step c). If it enters into L2, it registers L2 and deregisters L1 at MHLR, and both H1 and L2 are registered at MHLR (Step d). In MR, either registration or deregistration is performed only when an MS moves to a new low-tier or high-tier network RA. Full-size image (47 K) Fig. 2. Multi registration (MR) scheme. Figure options In quality of service (QoS)-aware multi-tier location management [4], SR and MR were extended to accommodate QoS requirement of both voice and data calls. In [4], a voice call is delivered to cellular network and a data call is delivered to WLAN as much as possible in interworked WLAN and cellular network. Thus, when a voice call arrives at an MS which is located in low-tier RA in MR, the call is delivered via high-tier cellular network, instead of being delivered via low-tier WLAN. 1.3. Problem statements In conventional multi-tier location management, however, battery power consumption of MSs is significant since multiple radio interfaces operate simultaneously. Although power state management of each access network can be optimized individually using its own power saving scheme, there is unnecessary power consumption in MSs with multi-radio interfaces, if power consumption of multi-radio interfaces is not managed in an integrated way between multi-radio access networks. In order to solve the unnecessary power consumption problem in multi-radio access networks, standardization work on reducing power consumption of MSs with multi-radio interfaces has been carried out in IEEE 802.21 multi-radio power management (MRPM) study group [5]. In MRPM, states of multi-radio interfaces are managed in an integrated way by extending IEEE 802.21 media independent handover (MIH) protocol [6]. Thus, unused interface can be put into very low power states such as off or deep sleep, and significant reduction of power consumption can be achieved. However, the standardization work is still in an initial stage and does not answer at which network an MS should register and to which network an incoming call should be delivered. Recently, works on efficient power management (EPM) in interworked WLAN and cellular network have been proposed [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12] and [13]. In these works, an MS turns off WLAN interface when it is not actively transmitting or receiving data, because idle state power consumption of WLAN interface is significant and it is much higher than that of cellular interface [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12] and [13]. The reachability of an MS is achieved by cellular interface which is turned on always. Therefore, if an incoming call arrives at WLAN, the called MS is notified through less power-consuming cellular interface and the MS turns on its WLAN interface. In these works, however, location management is performed only via cellular network and thus, signaling load is significant because paging for an incoming call at WLAN is performed to all cells within an RA of cellular network, which is generally larger than the RA of WLAN. In order to combine the advantages of both multi-tier location management and EPM, i.e., low signaling load of multi-tier location management and low power consumption of EPM, we propose power efficient multi-tier location management schemes, i.e., power efficient SR (PSR) and power efficient MR (PMR), by applying the concept of EPM to SR and MR, respectively. Then, the performance of the proposed schemes is analyzed in terms of signaling load and power consumption, based on analytical modeling of mobility and traffic characteristics of MSs with multi-radio interfaces. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first work of analyzing various multi-tier location management and power management schemes in detail, by considering both signaling load and power consumption together. Based on the performance analysis, we will show that PSR and PMR have significantly lower signaling load than EPM and they have significantly smaller energy consumption than SR and MR. The rest of this paper is organized as follows: Section 2 presents related works on efficient power management of MSs with multi-radio interfaces. Detailed signaling procedures for registration and incoming call delivery in the considered schemes are presented in Section 3. The performance of the proposed schemes is analyzed in Section 4 and numerical examples are given in Section 5. Finally, conclusions and future works are presented in Section 6.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

In this paper, we analyzed the tradeoff relationship between SR/MR and EPM, from the aspect of signaling load and energy consumption. Then, we proposed energy efficient multi-tier location management schemes, i.e., PSR and PMR by applying the concept of efficient power management to SR and MR, and compared the performance of the proposed schemes with other schemes. Performance analysis results show that PSR and PMR significantly reduce the energy consumption of SR and MR as well as significantly reduce signaling load of EPM for varying various parameter values. In our future works, the analytical methodology developed in this paper will be extended to accommodate more general overlay network architecture as well as consider radio access network architecture having more than two radio access networks. Also, a more elaborate analysis using complex distributions such as Gamma and Weibull distributions will be carried out to reflect realistic mobility and traffic characteristics of mobile users. Adaptive multi-tier location management schemes will be studied, too, based on the tradeoff relationship between SR, PSR, MR, PMR, and EPM by using related information, such as current battery power status of MSs and service requirements of each wireless access networks. Finally, power efficient fast vertical handovers will be proposed, based on the compromise between information measurement of neighbor access networks using active interfaces and power consumption by these active interfaces.

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