دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 28450
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد از یک جریان شبه ضدموازی صفحه کنتاکتور غشایی مورد استفاده برای رطوبت زدایی هوای خشک کننده مایع

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
28450 2014 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Performance analysis of a quasi-counter flow parallel-plate membrane contactor used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 63, Issue 1, 5 February 2014, Pages 323–332

کلمات کلیدی
- تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد - موازی صفحه - رطوبت زدایی هوای خشک کننده مایع - کنتاکتور غشایی -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد از یک جریان شبه ضدموازی صفحه کنتاکتور غشایی مورد استفاده برای رطوبت زدایی هوای خشک کننده مایع

چکیده انگلیسی

A quasi-counter flow (combined counter/cross-flow) parallel-plate membrane contactor (QFPMC) is proposed and employed for liquid desiccant air dehumidification. The air and the liquid desiccant streams, in a quasi-counter flow arrangement, are separated by the selectively permeable membranes, which only allow the permeations of heat and water vapor while preventing other gases and liquid desiccant from permeating. A two-dimensional steady-state mathematical model is developed to study the performances in the QFPMC used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification. A finite difference method is employed to solve the equations governing momentum, heat and mass transports. The pressure drop, sensible cooling and dehumidification effectiveness are then obtained. An experimental work is conducted to validate the results. It can be found that compared to a cross-flow parallel-plate membrane contactor (CFPMC), the cooling and the dehumidification effectiveness of the QFPMC used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification are deteriorated by approximately 5–29% and 2–13%, respectively. Further, the solution channel pressure drop is increased by about 0.15–4.84 times.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Recently, membrane-based liquid desiccant air dehumidification technology has been employed to overcome the substantial drawback of liquid desiccant droplet crossover encountered in the traditional direct-contacting liquid dehumidification method [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6] and [7]. For the novel technology, the air and the liquid desiccant streams are separated from each other by selectively permeable membranes, which prevent the liquid droplets from escaping into the processing air while permitting the transports of heat and water vapor between the air and the solution streams [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6] and [7]. A cross-flow parallel-plate membrane contactor (CFPMC) is a typical heat and mass exchanger, which has been employed for liquid desiccant air dehumidification [3], [4], [5], [6] and [7]. It has been well known that a counter flow contactor may have higher effectiveness compared to the cross-flow one. Therefore it is desirable to have a counter flow membrane contactor used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification to improve the performances. However, a contactor with a pure counter flow arrangement is difficult in duct sealing between the air and the solution streams. Further, it is hard to construct in a limited space available in the HVAC system [4] and [8]. Therefore a quasi-counter flow parallel-plate membrane contactor (QFPMC), as schematically depicted in Fig. 1, is proposed and employed for realizing liquid desiccant air dehumidification. As seen, parallel-plate channels are formed by plate-type membranes stacked together. Equal spacing is kept between the neighboring membranes. The air and the solution streams flow alternatively through the parallel channels. The air stream flows uniformly in a straight path from left to right to control pressure drop and noise. However, the solution stream enters from the right header at the right hand corner of the contactor and leaves it from the left header at the left hand corner. The solution stream may travel along an S-shaped path line through the solution channel. It is obvious that the flowing arrangement between the air and the solution streams is similar to a combination of counter and cross-flow, which can also be called quasi-counter flow. Full-size image (28 K) Fig. 1. Structure of a quasi-counter flow parallel-plate membrane contactor (QFPMC) used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification. Figure options The performance analysis and evaluation of the QFPMC used for liquid dehumidification are of vital importance in engineering applications. Regretfully, these issues have not been mentioned up until now. It is noteworthy that the performances in a similar quasi-counter flow metal-formed parallel-plate exchanger employed for sensible heat recovery have been investigated [4]. However, the results are not applicable for membrane contactor. It is because there are simultaneous heat and mass transfer between the air and the solution fluids. Further, phase change heats are generated on the membrane surfaces because of water vapor absorbed by liquid desiccant. The coupling between the air and the solution streams through the membranes should be taken into account seriously. The novelties in the present study are that the performances of the QFPMC used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification are investigated based on a two-dimensional steady-state mathematical model. A finite difference method is employed to solve the equations governing momentum, heat and mass transports. The pressure drops, sensible cooling and latent dehumidification effectiveness are then numerically obtained and experimentally validated. The results can provide fundamentals for future contactor design, structural optimization and performance evaluation.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

A two-dimensional heat and mass transfer mathematical model is established to investigate the performances of the QFPMC used for liquid desiccant air dehumidification. A finite difference method is used to solve the equations governing the momentum, heat and mass transports. The pressure drops, the cooling and the dehumidification effectiveness are then numerically calculated and experimentally validated. Following results can be found. (1) Compared to the CFPMC, the solution channel pressure drop of the QFPMC is increased by about 0.15–4.84 times, and the sensible cooling and the dehumidification effectiveness are deteriorated by about 5–29% and 2–13%, respectively. The performance deteriorations are caused by the vortex and the significant rise of the solution temperature in the zone where the vortex generated. Therefore it is not recommended to change the CFPMC to be a quasi-counter flow one. (2) All the dimensionless parameters have an influence on the contactor performances. The total numbers of transfer units for heat and mass transfer have the dominant influences on the performances. To improve the performances, increasing the total numbers of transfer units is an optimal choice. The results can provide fundamentals for future contactor design, structural optimization and performance evaluation.

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