رفتار سازه از ستون های کانال فولاد کوتاه دیواره نازک سرد در دمای بالا. قسمت 2: محاسبات طراحی و تحلیل عددی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|28579||2003||24 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5750 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Thin-Walled Structures, Volume 41, Issue 6, June 2003, Pages 571–594
The companion paper has presented results of elevated temperature tests on 52 cold-formed thin-walled channels under compressive load. This paper presents the results of theoretical studies using a number of different calculation tools, these including simple design calculations based on modifying a few current design methods and a commercial finite element package ABAQUS. The design methods considered in this paper include the British standard BS5950 Part 5, Eurocode 3 Part 1.3 and the American Specification AISI. Modifications of the current design equations are made to enable them to include distortional buckling, the effects of service holes and elevated temperatures. To enable BS5950 Part 5 and Eurocode 3 Part 1.3 to predict the ultimate strength of thin-walled columns with a service hole, the AISI (1996) design method is introduced. To extend the capacity of these design methods to deal with distortional buckling failure mode, the method of Young, Kwon and Hancock for calculating distortional buckling capacity is introduced in these codes. Finally, the ambient temperature design methods are modified to take into account changes in the strength and stiffness of steel at elevated temperatures. From extensive comparisons between the results of tests, code predictions and numerical analyses, it may be concluded that by adopting the aforementioned modifications, the current code design methods can be easily modified to consider these advanced modes of behaviour. For finite element analyses, both geometrical and material non-linearities are taken into account. The high temperature stress–strain relationships of steel are determined according to Eurocode 3, Part 1.2 or Outinen et al.
Cold-formed thin-walled steel structural members can fail in a variety of buckling modes including local, distortional and global buckling at ambient temperature or high temperatures. Due to highly non-linear stress–strain relationships of cold-formed steel at high temperatures in fire, these types of buckling behaviour become more complicated. However, there are very few theoretical studies, with validation by experimental results, of cold-formed thin-walled steel columns at elevated temperatures. In Ref. , transient-state fire tests on rectangular hollow sections under concentric and eccentric compression loading are reported. They proposed a simple calculation method for local buckling based on Eurocode 3 Part 1.3 . In this method, the effective width at elevated temperatures may be determined with the same formulae as at normal temperature, but the yield strength and the modulus of elasticity of steel at elevated temperatures should be reduced. The yield strength of steel is determined according to the 0.2% plastic strain at elevated temperatures. Randy  carried out a more detailed theoretical study and reached the same conclusion. Wang and Davies  performed a theoretical study using the design equations in Eurocode 3 Part 1.3  to calculate the fire resistance of thin-walled cold-formed members. They found that the ambient temperature approach was suitable for adoption under fire conditions, however, design calculations should take into account reductions in the strength and stiffness of steel at elevated temperatures, the additional bending moments due to thermal bowing and shift in the neutral axis of the column cross-section. They made many assumptions about the effects of non-uniform temperature and stress distributions on the cross-sectional properties of thin-walled members and further research studies would be necessary to improve these assumptions. Lawson  presented a design method for cold-formed thin-walled steel structures. This method is based on the limiting temperature method for hot-rolled steel structures in BS 5950 Part 8 (BSI 1990). This paper has three objectives. Firstly, it will introduce modifications to three current design methods to enable them to predict the elevated temperature tests on short thin-walled steel columns in the companion paper. Secondly, it will check the accuracy of these modifications and other design methods. Finally, it will evaluate the capabilities of a commercial software, ABAQUS , so as to make preparation for more extensive parametric studies in the future to deal with more complicated situations such as non-uniform temperature and non-uniform stress distributions.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper has presented the results of a theoretical study of the strength of cold-formed thin-walled steel short columns under uniform high temperatures, using a number of design calculation methods and a commercial finite element package ABAQUS. All analysis results have been compared to the test results. The following conclusions may be drawn: • The ambient temperature design formulations can be extended to elevated temperatures, provided the reduced yield strength based on the 0.2% proof stress and the reduced elastic modulus are used. Predictions using the material model of Outinen ,  and  for steady-state condition give slightly better correlations with test results than using the EC3 model for tests conducted under steady-state condition. • The distortional buckling model of Young et al.  can also be used at elevated temperatures. • Service holes may be dealt with by using the method in the AISI specifications. • The limiting temperature method may be used. However, because most of the test results are beyond the range of application of Lawson’s limiting temperature method, it is not possible at present to completely validate this method. • The FEM program ABAQUS can be used to simulate the behaviour of cold-formed thin-walled steel structures accurately provided the appropriate boundary conditions and material properties are adopted.