مطالعه پارامتری برای رفتار ساختاری از یک عرشه بسیار سبک وزن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|28596||2004||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6421 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Engineering Structures, Volume 26, Issue 7, June 2004, Pages 963–977
Lightweight structures are increasingly used for high-speed ships. Research of fatigue and stability of the highly stressed thin plate structures is an ongoing activity, which produces valuable information for the structural engineers. One topic that should be an integrated part of these studies is the dynamic behaviour of lightweight deck structures. When the deck structures are made extremely lightweight, the natural frequencies of the structures as such may increase while the loaded decks will most likely deflect more than conventional decks do. It is then expected that the natural frequencies of the decks will decrease and new problems of vibration and damping will appear. There is concern for resonance with propeller blade frequencies but also with the wave responses of these high-speed ships. The subject of this paper is to study the static and dynamic behaviour of a lightweight ship deck. A theoretical model was made in order to study the interaction between the car and the deck. The model indicates that the car chassis is a significant part of the problem and influences the solution. A finite element model of the ship deck was generated and special parameters, such as material of the panels, numbers and locations of loaded cars were studied. The speed of running cars on the deck during loading and the frequencies of the propeller excitation were varied in order to understand their influences on the structural response. Based on the results from finite element analysis obtained, it is shown how a conventional steel structure is improved by introducing lightweight material. The structural behaviour is significantly influenced from both a static and dynamic point of view.
The lightweight ship’s deck structure is widely used in high-speed ships and the research concerning this type of structures has recently attracted a great deal of research of effort. When lightweight ships are developed, different kinds of questions and problems have appeared. Complex structures and the use of non-conventional materials are factors that make the analysis of these types of ships more challenging. It is expected that the natural frequencies of the loaded ship deck will decrease and new problems of vibration and damping can be expected. The question still remains: Do these lightweight ship decks have a similar performance as the traditional ship decks? Can such decks be safely designed with simplistic criteria, i.e. with quasi static load cases? There are mainly three types of lightweight deck structure, the first type is to use the aluminium for the material of panel, which can significantly reduce the weight, but the cost for construction and material will be higher than the conventional steel deck. The second type is characterized by employing composite material (such as FRP) to fabricate the structural members and the panels for the deck. The third type belongs to those that the high tensile steel is employed to form T shape stiffened plates. Although lightweight deck structure is widely used, the information available in respect of the design recommendations is still under development. Smith has carried out considerable research on the deck and hull structure using composite material such as FRP , and gave some guidelines on the design and fabrication of composite deck and hull structure. Because of the cost he concluded that structure using FRP seems unlikely to become competitive with steel for construction of ships over about 40 m in length. However, the production of sandwich structure may change this situation in particular if problems concerning fire and smoke are solved. With the recent trend to widely use high tensile strength steel in the structure, much effort has been given to study the buckling behaviour of the structure. By conducting parametric analysis for stiffened plate, Sheikh et al. concluded that the plate transverse flexural slenderness is the most influential parameter affecting both the strength and behaviour of stiffened steel plate for all the buckling failure modes under combined compression and bending . It was found by Grondin that both the magnitude and the shape of the initial imperfection have significant influence on the stiffened plates failing by plate buckling . By performing a parametric study of the post-buckling behaviour of a stiffened plate, Mateus present that the slender plates have their collapse mechanism dominated by elastic effects . While very little research has been carried out concerning the structural behaviour of the deck using aluminium panels. To study the main behaviour of the mechanical system, i.e. the ship deck together with loaded cars, a theoretical model was made in this paper. This model shows that the car chassis constitutes a significant part of the problem and influences the solution. To make a more accurate study of the behaviour, detailed finite element models of loaded and unloaded ship decks were modelled. Parameters such as the material type of the panels, numbers and locations of the loaded cars on the ship deck, the speed of the car running over the deck, and the frequencies of the propeller excitation were varied in order to understand their influence on the structural response. Based on the results obtained from the finite element simulations, we saw that the aluminum panels have a significant effect on the structure behaviour from both a static and dynamic point of view. By studying the dynamic modes, the stress distribution as well as the deformation for the lightweight ship’s deck structures, the understanding increased and some suggestions for future study are also given.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, a theoretical model was presented to show the interaction between the car suspension and the ship deck structure. This indicates the significance of the car chassis as being part of the problem. Compared to the conventional deck structure made of steel, the aluminum panels for this particular ship deck show considerable influence on the eigenfrequencies . When cars were placed on the deck, the vibration of the cars dominates the first eigenmode of the structure. Hence, the fundamental frequency decreased considerably. And it is found that the deflections of the deck are more critical than the stresses for the design of the structure using aluminum panels. The aluminium panels have a significant influence on both static and dynamic behaviour of the deck structure.