تحقیق در مورد رفتارهای ساختاری غیر خطی تیرهای بتن پیش تنیده ساخته شده از مقاومت بالا و بتن های فیبر تقویت شده با استیل
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|28696||2009||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5490 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Construction and Building Materials, Volume 23, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 85–95
The flexural behaviors of fully and partially prestressed concrete beams made of high strength and steel fiber reinforced concretes are studied by experiment and non-linear finite element method. Three levels of partial prestress ratio (PPR) are considered, and for each PPR, a pair of two-span continuous beams with box-section are designed. In each pair of the test beams, one is constructed by the high strength concrete completely, and for the other one the steel fiber reinforced concrete is used in the negative moment zone (the mid-support zone). Such structural behaviors as the deflection of beam, the formation and the development of crack, the strain of concrete and reinforcement bar, and the moment redistribution are investigated. A non-linear finite element analysis program is developed and applied. The constitutive behavior of concrete is modeled by the microplane theory. A four-nodal six-DOF (degree of freedom) degenerated shell element is adopted to simulate the structural behaviors of the box-section beam. To obtain the ultimate limit state of the structure, the arc-length method is introduced in the non-linear solution. The analytical results agree well with test ones. The influences of the steel fiber reinforced concrete used in the negative moment zone on the structural behaviors are mainly concerned.
With technological development, application of high strength concrete into civil engineering has attracted more and more attention during the past twenty years. Compared with normal concrete, high strength concrete possesses such advantages as higher compressive strength and modulus of elasticity, less creep and shrinkage deformation, and so on. Due to these merits, high strength concrete is preferred in long-span and high-rise structures . To improve the ductility of concrete, addition of steel fiber into concrete matrix has been demonstrated to be an effective way . Generally, through arresting and intersecting crack in concrete matrix, the bridging effect of the random distributed steel fiber can effectively absorb fracture energy and slow down propagation of crack. In the previous studies, the mechanical properties and application of steel fiber reinforced concrete have been investigated intensively , ,  and . Fully and partially prestressed concrete structures have been widely used in railway and highway bridge engineering. Through adopting high strength concrete, prestressed concrete bridge can increase span, decrease self-weight, reduce prestress loss, and so on . Although high strength concrete and steel fiber reinforced concrete are extensively applied to reinforced concrete structures, these applications to prestressed concrete structures seem to be quite few. Padmarajaiah and Ramaswamy studied the flexural behaviors of 15 pieces of simply supported fully and partially prestressed high strength concrete beams containing steel fibers by experiment and non-linear finite element analysis . In their studies, the major involved parameters include the level of prestressing force, fiber volume fraction, and fiber location (full depth, partial depth over full length and half depth over the shear span only). Padmarajaiah and Ramaswamy studied the flexural strength of prestressed steel fiber reinforced high strength concrete beam . However, to the best knowledge of authors, work about applying the high strength concrete and fiber reinforced concrete into prestressed concrete continuous beam is rare. In the present paper, the structural behaviors of two-span prestressed concrete continuous beams with varying height of box-section are investigated. The concrete of the test beams have the cubic compressive strength of 80 MPa. The major parameters involved in the test beams include PPR and fiber location. Three levels of PPR are considered. To investigate the influence of the steel fiber on the structural ductility, two beams are designed for each PPR, in which one beam is cast with high strength concrete in the full length, and the fiber reinforced high strength concrete is used in the mid-support zone (the negative moment zone) for the other one.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In the present study, the flexural behaviors of fully and partially prestressed concrete beams made of high strength and steel fiber reinforced concretes are investigated by the experiment and the non-linear finite element analysis. The cubic compressive strength of concrete of the test beams is up to 80 MPa. The major parameters involved in the test beams include PPR and fiber location. The following conclusions are obtained. (1) With the rational reinforcement, the prestressed high strength concrete beam exhibits satisfactory ductility. (2) The steel fiber can improve the cracking behaviors of the fully prestressed high strength concrete beam significantly. However, for the partially prestressed high strength concrete beam, the influences of the steel fiber on the width and the propagation of cracks are not as obvious as those in the fully prestressed concrete beam. (3) From the results of mid-span deflection, it can also concluded that the steel fiber can improve the structural stiffness after cracking for the fully prestressed high strength concrete beam. With the increment of amount of reinforcement bars, this effect decreases gradually. (4) From the test results, it can be found that the failure of the test beams is triggered by the formation of plasticity hinge in the intermediate support section. Therefore, addition of steel fiber in the intermediate support zone may be an effective and economical way to improve the ductility and the safety of the prestressed concrete continuous beam. (5) The test beams exhibit excellent capacity of moment redistribution, and two-stage redistribution process is observed. From the experimental results, it is suggested that the moment redistribution from the mid-span section to the intermediate support section in the first stage should be mainly considered in the practical design.