تحکیم رفتار سازه دیوارهای خشتی با استفاده از مش تقویت کننده گچ کاری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|28723||2011||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2940 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Construction and Building Materials, Volume 25, Issue 4, April 2011, Pages 1747–1752
This study presents an experimental investigation on the use of additives and plaster mesh in adobe wall panels. Three different groups of adobe soil mixture are considered for forming adobe blocks in wall panels with and without mesh placement along horizontal mortar joints. The groups consist of plain adobe blocks, blocks with 1% straw and 10% fly ash. Wall panels are loaded under diagonal compressive axial load in order to evaluate their ultimate load capacities, deformability, and energy absorption characteristics. According to the results obtained from tests, the combined use of plaster mesh with additives enhances the structural behavior significantly.
The need for housing poses significant strains on the society in terms of costs, especially in developing countries. The rising costs of Portland cement and steel also leads to significant challenges in the housing needs. In this regards, earth is considered as the cheapest material readily available for construction in rural areas of Asia, South America to Africa. This simplest form of construction material also finds applications in developed countries due to its environmental friendly nature. Furthermore, in several countries, preservation of historic structures is a rising awareness, where some of these structures are made from adobe. The main reasons for the popularity of adobe can be summarized as follows : (a) local material is available everywhere; (b) a high level of skill and technology is not required for the production of adobe bricks and constructions; (c) repair and maintenance of adobe structures do not require specialized labor; and (d) inherent properties of earth make it an efficient heat and sound insulating material  and . Despite these numerous merits, adobe houses are prone to damage under seismic excitations and they are susceptible to water. The lateral resistance of an adobe structure is obtained from the in-plane shearing behavior of the adobe walls. In addition to this structural behavior, the out-of-plane bending of adobe walls become a critical issue, as well  and . In regions of high-seismicity, the lack of in-plane and out-of-plane stiffness and strength of the walls pose significant risks for the occupants. Even under moderate ground shakings, ductility and strength of adobe walls are in question. Since adobe is not a strong and ductile material, keeping an adobe structure stable after a severe ground motion may not be possible. Thus, providing enough strength and energy dissipation in the adobe walls become a critical issue under moderate to severe ground shakings. Increased energy absorption will especially provide more time for the occupants to escape from an adobe structure. Several studies are conducted in terms of improving the physical and mechanical properties of adobe and some new methods are developed to stabilize the adobe soil , ,  and . The use of horizontal and vertical reinforcement in the construction of adobe walls was presented by Blondet et al. , where timber, steel bars and locally available materials such as bamboo were considered as reinforcement material. Despite these efforts, the research on the structural behavior of adobe buildings is still inadequate. Considering the fact that more than half of the damages in earthquakes occur in unreinforced masonry and adobe buildings , it becomes clear that more emphasis should be given to the studies related to the behavior of structural members of adobe buildings, i.e. the walls, under various loading conditions besides the studies carried out for the improvement of mechanical properties and the resistance of adobe against weathering effects. This paper deals with improving the structural properties of adobe structural members such that it could provide an alternative construction material to those communities using adobe in seismic regions. Since adobe has low compressive strength and energy absorption capacity, it is necessary to improve the properties of plain adobe soil by using some stabilizers. Straw, sand, lime, cement and sodium silicates are some of the well-known stabilizers. Turanli  considered 10 different adobe soil mixtures in order to enhance the physical properties of adobe blocks. In that study, the use of fly ash in general enhanced the physical properties better than lime, where the best result was achieved with the use of 10% fly ash. Furthermore, Turanli also found out that the use of 1% straw by weight also provided a similar improvement to adobe blocks when compared with other mixtures. For this purpose, three different soil mixtures were prepared in the current study: plain soil, soil with 1% straw and soil with 10% fly ash. The experimental investigations were performed on square wall panels with and without the use of plaster reinforcement mesh made of fiberglass along the horizontal mortar joints (a.k.a. bed joints) between adobe blocks. The mortar material between the blocks is the plain soil used for adobe production. The wall panels were loaded under diagonal compressive axial load in order to evaluate their ultimate load carrying capacity, deformability and energy absorption characteristics.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The addition of straw into adobe block enhances its energy absorption and ultimate load capacities by acting as shear reinforcement for adobe blocks. A similar effect is also observed by the use of fly ash as additive material. The largest increase to the performance characteristics of the wall panels is observed through the use of plaster reinforcement mesh along the horizontal mortar joints between the adobe blocks. Plaster mesh provides increased friction along the weak horizontal joints of wall panels, and thus provides increased strength and energy absorption capacity. Since plaster reinforcement mesh is a readily available and rather cheap construction material, its use does not contradict with the economical aspects of using adobe in construction, as well. Future research should focus on obtaining practical estimates of strength increase and energy absorption characteristics in the use of different types of mesh with different sizes of adobe blocks. A larger size adobe block in a wall panel could provide greater enhancement of performance through the use of mesh along the horizontal mortar joints.