آموزش انرژی های تجدید پذیر برای توسعه پایدار
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29043||2001||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||1870 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Renewable Energy, Volume 22, Issues 1–3, January–March 2001, Pages 113–118
Rising international concern about global warming and the rapid development of the renewable energy industry over recent years has led to a need for multidisciplinary programs in energy studies. We have developed a postgraduate program in energy studies which is based on the principles of ecologically sustainable development. This program combines work in energy technology with energy policy, energy economics and environmental and social issues. The program is offered on campus at Murdoch University and by external study, via the internet, throughout Australia and overseas. It has attracted considerable interest from students seeking to find new opportunities within the renewable energy industry. This paper outlines the philosophy of the energy studies program, its implementation and outcomes.
Energy is essential for all forms of life. Most obtain it through natural processes associated with ecological cycles such as the hydrological and carbon cycles. These natural cycles are characterized by the recycling of natural resources and by the absence of waste products . However in our quest to increase power supply to meet the needs of development and population growth we have begun to cause irreversible damage to the biosphere, which supports all forms of life. Serious air pollution problems have been caused by burning fossil fuels in motor vehicles, homes, factories and power stations. Global warming now appears to be underway as a result of the enhanced greenhouse effect, which is partly caused by our extensive use of hydrocarbon fuels . Concern about these problems has risen rapidly over the past decade and international action is now underway to address the causes . This is taking the form of international treaties with mandatory restrictions on the use of fossil fuels by industrialised nations. These may be achieved via fuel substitution, energy management, improved energy efficiency, the use of renewable energy systems and restrictions on land clearing . Some of the solutions are technical but there are also other important ways of tackling these problems. They involve policies, legislation, economic incentives and education. All of these initiatives have an important role to play in modifying human behaviour and moving society towards a sustainable future.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
On the basis of this work we conclude that: • energy studies is rapidly emerging as a new discipline of relevance to meeting future energy needs within the context of ecologically sustainable development; • many energy professionals lack formal training in the skills and disciplines needed to undertake work on renewable energy systems and energy management; • the availability of external, on-line courses is proving attractive to people interested in energy policy and energy systems. Many of these people have a background in science or engineering; • new employment opportunities are opening up for graduates with a broad knowledge of the technical, environmental, economic and social issues connected to energy conversion and use.