دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 29087
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تجزیه و تحلیل اقتصادی تادیه مهاجرتی غیرماهر در نابرابری دستمزد ماهر -غیر ماهر در منطقه میزبانی نیروی کار

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
29087 2013 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
An economic analysis of remittance of unskilled migration on skilled–unskilled wage inequality in labor host region
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Economic Modelling, Volume 33, July 2013, Pages 428–432

کلمات کلیدی
مهاجران غیر ماهر - پول - نابرابری دستمزد ماهر غیرماهر - کار منطقه میزبان -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تجزیه و تحلیل اقتصادی تادیه مهاجرتی غیرماهر در نابرابری دستمزد ماهر -غیر ماهر در منطقه میزبانی نیروی کار

چکیده انگلیسی

The present paper establishes a two-sector general equilibrium model and conduct the comparative static approach to investigate the impact exerted by an increase in the remittance rate of the unskilled migrants on the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host region. We find that the unskilled migrants increase their remittance rate to the labor outsourcing regions that will decrease the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host region

مقدمه انگلیسی

The migrant remittance has captured lots of attention to the development economists during the last decades. World Bank (2001) estimates that the Indian immigrant remittance occupied 2.6% of GDP in 1999 and the Pakistan immigrant remittance took 1.8% of GDP in 1999. Rodriguez (1996) points out that 17% Philippine citizens received the immigrant remittance, which occupied 8% of Philippine's national income. Cox et al. (1998) show that 25% households in Peru received the immigrant remittance, which took 22% of Peru's national income. Furthermore, Cox and Ureta (2003) uses the data collected from Salvatore and shows that 14% rural people and 15% urban citizens in Salvatore received the overseas immigrant remittance in 1997. In addition to the economic impacts of the international migration on the labor-outsourcing regions or countries, the rural–urban migrant remittance in developing countries also exerts lots of economic impacts. For example, China's rural–urban migrants send or take home (or the labor outsourcing region) part of their income obtained from the labor-host region and the family members of the migrant workers in the labor-outsourcing region could benefit a lot from the rural migrant remittance. This is a common phenomenon among nearly 200 million rural–urban migrants in China. It has been estimated by the Chinese government that the rural–urban migrant remittance reached nearly 330 billion RMB (around 55 billion U.S. dollar) in 2010, which almost took 20%–50% of the income of the households who receive the remittance1. Chen (2006) estimated that the total amount of rural migrant remittance could reach billions and the rural migrant remittance also alleviates the financial pressures in rural areas and becomes an important source of financing for education and medical expenses. From the above typical facts we know that the migrant remittance generates great impacts of on the labor-outsourcing regions or countries, which arouse the interests of both the empirical and theoretical economists. The theoretical studies mainly consider the economic impacts of the migrant remittance on the price level, production activities and the social welfare in the labor-outsourcing regions or countries. The typical studies can be referred to Lundahl (1985), Kirwan and Holden (1986), Djajic, 1986 and Djajic, 1998, Rivera-Batiz (1986), Quibria (1997), and McCormick and Wahba (2000). The current empirical studies mainly center on the contributions of the migrant remittance to the economic growth, and the impacts of the migrant remittance on the citizens' income and income inequality in the labor outsourcing regions or countries. The representative empirical literatures can be referred to Taylor and Wyatt (1996), Lucas (2005), Rodriguez (1996), Cox et al. (1998), World Bank (2001), Glytsos (2002), and Cox and Ureta (2003). On the other hand, enormous empirical studies show that both developed and developing countries have suffered from the increased skilled–unskilled wage inequality. The representative empirical literatures can be referred to Lawrence (1994), Feenstra and Hanson (1996), Wood (1997), Feenstra and Hanson (2003) and Banga (2005). The current theoretical studies try to address the issues relating to the growing skilled–unskilled wage gap from the perspectives of the trade and investment liberation (Anwar, 2006, Anwar and Rice, 2009, Beladi et al., 2008, Chaudhuri, 2004, Chaudhuri, 2008, Chaudhuri and Yabuuchi, 2007, Marjit and Kar, 2005, Marjit et al., 2004, Yabuuchi and Chadhuri, 2009 and Yabuuchi and Chaudhuri, 2007), and the technical progress (Fang et al., 2008 and Moore and Ranjan, 2005). However, the academia seldom relates the enlarging skilled–unskilled wage inequality to the migrant remittance. However, the impact exerted by an increase in the remittance of the unskilled migrants on the skilled–unskilled wage inequality is largely ignored. Such problem cannot be avoided in reality and exists in practice. In order to fill the current research gap, the present paper establishes a two-sector general equilibrium model and conducts the comparative static approach to investigate the impact exerted by an increase in the remittance of the unskilled migrants on the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host region. We find that the unskilled migrants increase their remittances to the labor outsourcing regions that will decrease the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host region. The rest of this paper is organized as follows: in Section 2, we set up the theoretical model; in Section 3, we conduct the theoretical analysis of the established model; and we draw a conclusion in Section 4.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

The present paper establishes a two-sector general equilibrium model and conduct the comparative static approach to investigate the impact exerted by an increase in the remittance of the unskilled migrants on the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host region. We find that the unskilled migrants increase their remittances to the labor outsourcing regions that will decrease the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host region. In developing countries, a reduction of the skilled–unskilled wage inequality has both the political and economic significance. Although guiding the unskilled labor increasing their remittance rate may decrease the liquidity of the labor host regions, the unskilled labor increasing their remittance rate also has the positive impact. Especially for discussing the regional economy, the government guiding the unskilled labor increasing their remittance rate will not only benefit the labor outsourcing regions, but also contributes to the labor host regions, which is the economic development. A reduction of the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the labor host regions doesn't necessarily show the positive impact exerted by an increases in the migrant remittance rate. The labor host regions should also pay attention to the accompanied increase in the migrant remittance rate, which kills two birds with one stone. In this paper, we just investigate the impact exerted by an increase in the remittance of the unskilled migrants on the skilled–unskilled wage inequality in the framework of a closed urban economy, rather than an open economy. Taking an open economy into account is a potential extension of the present paper. Obviously, introducing a third sector producing the non-traded intermediate input for sector 2 in our established model and investigating its wage inequality impacts are also a good avenue for future research.

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