تشخیص خطا در سیستم های دینامیکی توسط فرمول شبکه فازی/بیزی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29309||2014||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4651 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Soft Computing, Volume 21, August 2014, Pages 647–653
In this paper the fault detection problem is solved using an alternative methodology based on a fuzzy/Bayesian strategy combining a Bayesian network and the fuzzy set theory. The new important issue in this proposed methodology is to address uncertainties in the input of the Bayesian Network. This contribution is possible since the fuzzy set theory is used as the knowledge representation. To illustrate the technique, the fault detection problem in induction machine stator-winding is considered. Specifically, the faults in the induction machine stator-winding are detected by a state change of stator current. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the advance of the proposed methodology when compared to standard Bayesian network.
Fault detection and analysis is a very important strategy that is commonly employed in the industry with the purpose of allowing a cost–effective maintenance policy, keeping productivity standards and ensuring safety. The fault analysis gives support for the design of corrective actions, system redundancies, and safety policies in order to mitigate the effects of a fault . A fault diagnosis procedure is typically divided into three tasks: (i) the fault detection, indicating the occurrence of some fault in a monitored system; (ii) the fault isolation, establishing the type and/or location of the fault; and (iii) the fault identification, determining the magnitude of the fault. After a fault has been detected and diagnosed, in some applications it is required that the fault be self-corrected, usually through controller reconfiguration. This is usually referred to as fault accommodation. The literature presents several classes of strategies to deal with fault detection and isolation (FDI) . These strategies can be, in general, divided in quantitative approach. These strategies are, in general, divided into two kind of approaches: (i) quantitative  and qualitative  and . Most of the quantitative approaches are based on the knowledge of mathematical models of the plant. Many survey papers with different emphasis on various quantitative approaches have been published over the past years. The main approaches in this context are based on (unknown input) observers , , , ,  and , parity relations  and  and Kalman or robust filters , , ,  and . The requirement of a mathematical model of the plant can lead to several difficulties in the implementation of these approaches, for instance due to factors such as system complexity, high dimensionality, nonlinearities and parametric uncertainties. Further, in the case the neural network plays a role as an observer, it falls into the class of quantitative approaches  and . On the other hand, most of the qualitative approaches are based on some pattern analysis of the historic process data. The main related approaches are: signed directed graph ,  and , fault tree , fuzzy system ,  and , qualitative trend analysis , ,  and , mutual information , neural networks  and  (in the case of classification), artificial immune systems ,  and , Bayesian networks , , ,  and  and the combination of techniques . In this paper, a new qualitative approach for fault detection is presented. This new approach is based on a Fuzzy/Bayesian representation. Unlike the traditional Bayesian networks as reported in ,  and , the Fuzzy/Bayesian proposed in this paper combine the potential for aggregation of information/knowledge of the fuzzy sets theory for processing input uncertainties in the Bayesian network – for simplicity we will call this combination of fuzzy/Bayesian network. The approach proposed in this paper was motivated by the approaches presented in  and . Although references  and  deal with the problem proposed in this paper, the approach proposed in  solve the problem of only one unknown evidence, and  needs several traditional Bayesian network information, beyond the necessity of conditional independence of evidence. In the next section this topic is considered deeply. To illustrate the efficiency of the proposed methodology, the problem of fault detection in the stator winding of induction machine is presented. The paper is organized as follows. Section 2 shows a new Fuzzy/Bayesian Network approach. Section 3 presents and analyzes the induction machine simulation considering the case of fault on stator-winding and shows the results for fault detection in induction machine stator-winding. Finally, Section 4 presents the concluding remarks.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper a novel fuzzy/Bayesian network for fault detection and isolation in dynamical systems has been proposed. The new strategy is based on the potential for aggregation of information/knowledge of the fuzzy sets theory for processing input uncertainties in the Bayesian network. This methodology has been successfully applied to the fault detection and isolation problem in the stator winding of induction machines. The simulation results presented illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, even in the case of faults which cause disturbances of very low level.