برنامه ریزی برای توسعه پایدار: هم ترازی استراتژیک در مناطق پرو و شهرستانها
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29412||2011||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5565 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Futures, Volume 43, Issue 8, October 2011, Pages 908–918
This paper explores the application of the Strategic Alignment Model (SAM) to the formulation of strategies for sustainable development in regions and cities. SAM was created during the 90s in order to bridge the gap in terms of objectives, competences and culture between business and IT professionals. The present study applies SAM to align economic development and environmental sustainability and identifies concepts such as industrial ecosystems, sustainable lifestyles, eco-business, and environmental services as integrative strategies. Previous to this research, alignment has been studied in terms of public participation process, policy innovation and adoption of best practices. This paper proposes a new framework to represent alignment in a way that multiple strategies and pathways can be recognized, favoring dialogue and coordination. Likewise, a strategic analysis of Peruvian Environmental Action Plan 2010–2021 is presented.
Environmental decay is affecting economic and social development by imposing real limits to growth and deteriorating quality of life. Public officers and policymakers are heavily concerned on promoting economic activity that can create jobs and reduce poverty. Environmental issues are generally dependent on compliance with regulatory frameworks and impact assessments. Often, environment is seen as a source of costs (land use planning, baselines and information systems), constraints to economic activity (carrying capacity), or uncomfortable activism (NGO's and public complaints). The need of integration of development strategy and environment, so that environment is not left behind, appears very similar to the need for alignment between business and information technologies (IT) that has been widely researched during 90s and 2000s. For this case, Strategic Alignment Model (SAM) was created under the assumption that alignment between business and IT improves financial performance and marketplace competitiveness . Strategic Alignment can be applied both in regional and urban planning to deal with questions such as how can a region/city select its benchmarks? How can we avoid environment being left behind in the planning process? How can we support regions/cities in their next steps of environmental improvement? How to develop alternatives to counter rapid urbanization? or What are the relationships between regional planning and city planning? The present study applies SAM to align economic development and environmental sustainability and identifies the concepts of sustainable lifestyles, industrial ecosystems, eco-business, environmental services, and resilience as integrative strategies. Furthermore, a new framework is developed to the formulation of generic pathways for sustainable development in both regions and cities. The framework is applied for an ex-post strategic analysis of Peruvian Environmental Action Plan 2010–2021 published by Ministry of Environment in October 2010.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper was originated with the concern on questions such as How can a region/city select its benchmarks? How can we avoid environment being left behind in the planning process? How can we support regions/cities in their next steps of environmental improvement? and others, and found that current tensions between economy and environment are similar to those between business and IT during the 90s. In that sense, the Strategic Alignment Model (SAM) has been adapted for the case of economic development and environmental sustainability. SAM is not a framework to build scenarios on the future. On the light of a vision of the future, SAM's main contribution is to provide a route to face the future in a competitive and sustainable manner through the detection of possible strategic adjustments and, fundamentally, with the identification of critical capabilities. This dynamic is absent in other methodologies. The framework is applied to make an ex-post strategic analysis of the Peruvian Environmental Action Plan 2010–2021 and finds that, although the strategic strength of the plan relies on the country economic infrastructure and environmental stocks, more advances are needed to develop a country-wide platform of qualified human resources and environmental companies, and foster in this way, further economic and environmental competitiveness.