استخراج ویژگی با استفاده از نظریه مجموعه راف و الگوریتم های ژنتیکی: کاربرد برای ساده سازی ارزیابی کیفیت محصول
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29480||2002||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6140 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers & Industrial Engineering, Volume 43, Issue 4, September 2002, Pages 661–676
Feature extraction is an important aspect in data mining and knowledge discovery. In this paper an integrated feature extraction approach, which is based on rough set theory and genetic algorithms (GAs), is proposed. Based on this approach, a prototype feature extraction system has been established and illustrated in an application for the simplification of product quality evaluation. The prototype system successfully integrates the capability of rough set theory in handling uncertainty with a robust search engine, which is based on a GA. The results show that it can remarkably reduce the cost and time consumed on product quality evaluation without compromising the overall specifications of the acceptance tests.
Feature extraction from large-scale empirical data is an important research area in data mining. Feature extraction is of great importance to help humans earn necessary knowledge about a specific part of a real or abstract world and further use the knowledge to make sound decisions. With the rapid development of information storage technology, a huge amount of data about a certain object can be stored and kept for later analysis. However, not all the data collected are useful or informative. In the evaluation of the quality of a part/component produced by a manufacturing system, a lot of parameters about the part/component are measured and stored. The operators will have to look through all the data to ascertain the quality of the part/component produced during product quality evaluation. This kind of job is normally monotonous and tedious, and will remarkably reduce productivity. Under such a situation, a feature extraction technique can help discover those important parameters that best describe the target object and thus can simplify the test procedure. Hence, to some extent, feature extraction can be viewed as a pre-pruning process to choose a small subset of features that is necessary and sufficient to describe target concepts. The importance of feature extraction in a broader sense is not only to reduce the search space, but also to speed up the process of both concept learning and the classification of objects and also to improve the quality of classification (Kira & Rendell, 1992). In recent decades, many techniques have been developed to deal with feature extraction issues, among which include stepwise backward/forward techniques (James, 1985 and Modrzejewski, 1993), dynamic programming (Chang, 1973), branch and bound algorithm (Narendra & Fukunaga, 1977), and so on. These methods have different strengths and drawbacks, based on the specific feature extraction criterion. However, most of these methods may not be applicable for extracting significant features from incomplete/imprecise data. This is an important issue as, in reality, due to various reasons empirical data often have the property of granularity and may be incomplete, imprecise, or even conflicting. For example, in diagnosing a machine in a manufacturing system, the opinions of two engineers can be different, or even contradicting. The ability to handle imprecise and inconsistent information has become one of the most important requirements for a feature extraction system. Many theories, techniques and algorithms have been developed to deal with the analysis of imprecise or inconsistent data. The most successful ones are based on fuzzy set theory and the Dempster–Shafer theory of evidence. Rough set theory, which was introduced by Pawlak (1982) in the early 1980s, is a new mathematical tool that can be employed to handle uncertainty and vagueness. It focuses on the discovery of patterns in inconsistent data (Slowinski and Stefanowski, 1989 and Pawlak, 1996) and can be used as the basis to perform formal reasoning under uncertainty, machine learning and rule discovery (Yao et al., 1997 and Ziarko, 1994). Compared to other approaches in handling uncertainty, rough set theory has its unique advantages (Pawlak, 1996 and Pawlak, 1997). It does not require any preliminary or additional information about the empirical training data such as probability distributions in statistics; the basic probability assignment in the Dempster–Shafer theory of evidence; or grades of membership in fuzzy set theory (Pawlak, 1992). Besides, rough set theory is more appropriate in situations where the set of empirical or experimental data is too small to employ standard statistical methods (Pawlak, 1991). In less than two decades, rough set theory has rapidly established itself in many real-life applications such as medical diagnosis (Slowinski, 1992), control algorithm acquisition and process control (Mrozek, 1992) and structural engineering (Arciszewski & Ziarko, 1990). Currently, most work on inductive learning or classification using rough set theory is limited to binary-concept, such as yes or no in decision making or positive or negative in the classification of objects. Concept learning is another important issue in feature extraction. In this aspect, genetic algorithms (GAs) have received much attention from researchers working on machine learning (Goldberg, 1989). Basically, GA-based techniques take advantage of the unique robust search engine of GAs to extract useful information or knowledge from its search space. This paper describes a prototype feature extraction system for simplifying the product quality evaluation process. It is based on a hybrid technique that combines the strengths of rough set theory and GAs. In the following sections, the basic notions of rough set theory and GAs are presented. Details of the feature extraction system and its validation are also described.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper summarizes a study leading to the establishment of a prototype feature extraction system to simplify the process for product quality evaluation. The prototype system proposed in this paper successfully integrated the strengths of rough set theory in dealing with inconsistent information and a robust search engine based on a GA approach. Using the historical data gleaned from the manufacture of an electronic device, the prototype system was able to identify significant attributes for product quality evaluation. The results obtained agree favorably with the physical characteristics of the device. It has been established that the number of acceptance tests to be carried out can indeed be reduced. The reduction amounts to seven out of 12 acceptance tests per device. This, in turn, translates into a 58% reduction in product quality evaluation cost.