مطالعه تجربی تصویرسازی روایی در زمینه های صریح و ضمنی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29654||2013||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9247 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 29, Issue 4, July 2013, Pages 1580–1589
This study investigates if imagery is an inherent construct to narrative by playing a role in storytelling and comprehension. Visualization activities consist of ones that depend on pictures or physical objects and those do not depend on extraneous visual artifacts. The understandings of both types of visualization will contribute to their application and integration. In light of rapid development of technology and drastic increase of multimedia representations in social communication, applying storytelling approach to system design is increasingly relevant to many researchers who are eager to bring visual thinking to the classroom, alternative to applying physical visual artifacts. In this study, we looked into the cognitive process evoked in the comprehension of narrative and its similarity to imagery as an individual cognition. We transformed a course into conversational narrative and participants were randomly assigned into three sections, two were in narrative text and one was in expository text. Sections 1 and 2 were in narrative text, but only participants from section 1 were prompt for image creation before writing essays. Section 3 was in expository text and participants were also prompt for image creation before writing essays. The independent samples t-test was used to compare the mean scores of three groups on creativity score and word total across the sections. Our study found that narrative was able to activate the imagery world of the participants without giving them further instructions explicitly suggesting so. The implicit imagery context created by reading narratives had a stronger impact on creativity than that of explicit imagery creation context that did not involve of narrative comprehension. The study suggests that narrative innately provides some sort of control to its user cognitively and can be integrated with other types of media in design.
Under the new era of information transfer, educators are facing the task of designing rich instructional content by innovatively applying content development methods to various contexts. Among the methods, adopting storytelling in content design is an interest of many educators who want to expand the boundaries of teaching and learning in formal education by encouraging originality and visual thinking. Storytelling holds a unique place in content representation due to its syntactic structures and language use. Adopting storytelling in system content design has been suggested to elevate the level of interactivities where the interaction between humans and machine is dominant. This effect can be credited to a meditative process initiated by story reading when one actively participates in the interpretation and generation of meanings. The meditative process also implies a similarity between imagery and visual thinking. Imagery is comparably well-known to scholars in narrative studies and is associated to rich cognitive activities involving deep thinking, self-awareness, personal world (Battersby, 2006 and Bruner, 2004), imagination, and emotions (Gernsbacher et al., 1992 and Oatley, 1999). Regardless, imagery is not a clearly defined concept in either literature.