نقش اجتناب تجربی در رابطه بین تعارض خانواده و افسردگی در میان نوجوانان زودرس
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29803||2015||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4500 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages 30–36
Experiential avoidance (EA) consists of efforts to control or avoid unwanted emotions, upsetting memories, troubling thoughts, or physical pain and the contexts that occasion them, even when doing so creates problems over the long run. While substantial evidence finds EA to be a risk factor for diverse psychological problems, most of that evidence comes from research with adults. This paper presents longitudinal findings from a study of adolescents that examined the relationships between EA, family conflict and depression. We obtained data from students in grades 6, 7, and 8 (81.8% white, with Hispanic students the largest group of minority participants—8.8%). The analysis included latent growth models of family conflict, adolescent EA, and adolescent depression: all showed acceptable fit; mean intercepts and slopes (with their respective variances) were significant. The results suggest that EA is associated with depression and is more likely in families with high conflict. Female adolescents had higher EA and were differentially affected by family conflict.
This paper discusses the relationship of experiential avoidance (EA) to family conflict and depression. Experiential avoidance consists of efforts to control or avoid unpleasant emotions, upsetting memories, troubling thoughts, or physical pain (Hayes, Wilson, Gifford, & Follette, 1996). Considerable evidence indicates that EA is a risk factor for diverse psychological problems and that interventions reducing people׳s avoidance can benefit in ameliorating such problems. The bulk of this evidence comes from research with adults. While substantial work has linked EA to psychological problems, there has been less attention to the environmental factors associated with EA. In the present paper, we examine whether family conflict is associated with EA and whether such a relationship is related to the development of depression. We also examine whether these processes and their inter-relations differ according to gender.