رفتاردرمان شناختی در روان پریشی اپیزود اول با تمرکز بر افسردگی، اضطراب و عزت نفس
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|30155||2014||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8097 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, Volume 21, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages 43–54
Although several reviews show that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for patients with chronic psychosis, the effects of CBT on patients with a first-episode psychosis are less clear. Patients undergoing a first-episode psychosis are unique in that not only are they struggling with the symptoms of the disease, but also the realization of the diagnosis. Understanding how the disease will impact their lives with respect to changes in social goals, roles, and status can also lead to depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. The main aim of the present study is to describe two clinical cases in order to demonstrate the application of CBT in first-episode psychosis patients in an early stage of their psychosis. The two cases are individuals who were in an ongoing CBT trial for first-episode psychosis patients with symptoms of social anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. Individual case formulations based on these symptoms were developed. Psychoeducation, normalizing, evaluation of negative automatic thoughts and dysfunctional schematic beliefs, and focusing on the negative consequences of safety behavior were the main treatment targets in attempting to improve the patients’ symptoms and functioning. Both patients showed improvement in depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and general functioning. The cases described suggest that treatment designed to target depression, anxiety, and self-esteem in patients with first-episode psychosis could have potential beneficial effects; specific studies of this approach are recommended.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی