کشف روندها در مدیریت پروژه : اهمیت ژورنال در طول ده سال گذشته
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|3044||2006||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5559 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Project Management, Volume 24, Issue 2, February 2006, Pages 175–184
The field of project management continues to develop in response to changing emphases in the management community and the demands of new project management application areas. This paper uncovers the trends of emphasis within the project management literature over the period 1994–2003, by analysing articles in the International Journal of Project Management and the Project Management Journal. Trends identified in this study are then compared to trends of emphasis identified in a variety of previous studies of changes to the field. These results are then synthesised to provide a overall impression of how the field is changing.
Project management, as a profession and area of research, continues to grow and develop. In response to project management being applied in new industries, countries and application areas, the demands on project management continue to change. These changes alter the way project management is perceived, the commonly accepted views of what it is to practice project management, and the way the field is represented in the literature. A variety of previous studies have already examined changes to the field, using many different approaches, finding diverse and sometimes contradictory results. This study reconciles these different results and adds new findings, examining the changing development of the field, as represented by keywords identified in the last 10 years of the International Journal of Project Management (IJPM) and the Project Management Journal (PMJ). Tendencies in the literature are identified, which indicate the future direction of the profession.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
7. Conclusion This paper has examined trends in the literature on project management. Seven previous studies of trends in project management have been examined, and the results contained in these studies brought under a single consistent framework. More recent trends (1994–2003) in the literature on project management have then been identified using Keyword Analysis, a method of computational analysis from the field of Corpus Linguistics. The clearest trends uncovered by this study include a clear reduction in focus on Interpersonal Issues and Quality Management in the project management literature over the last 10 years, while an increase in the significance of Project Evaluation and Improvement can be seen over the same period. Differences are also apparent in the foci of the International Journal of Project Management and the Project Management Journal focus upon. Many topic areas were found that increased in keyness in one journal, while decreasing in the other journal. More significant results were found when results from this study were then compared with previous studies’ results, providing a synthesis of trends in the field. Comparison of results from multiple studies has provided the opportunity for triangulation, and has mitigated against errors inherent in relying on a single research method. Synthesis of results revealed that Relationship Management, Resource Management, Time Management, Cost Management and Risk Management all displayed consistent significance throughout the study period. However, by contrast, Finalisation, Scope and Marketing tend to either be ignored by writers on project management or identified as not being of significance. Project Evaluation and Improvement and Strategic Alignment are both increasing in their significance to the field. Evidence also suggests that the significance of Quality Management and Interpersonal Issues has peaked, and that while these issues have previously been interest to writers in the field, this interest is waning.