دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 30449
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مشکل تشخیص حرفه ای در هنردرمانی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
30449 1995 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
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عنوان انگلیسی
The problem of professional diagnosis in the arts therapies
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 22, Issue 3, 1995, Pages 181–187

کلمات کلیدی
تشخیص حرفه ای - هنردرمانی -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مشکل تشخیص حرفه ای در هنردرمانی

چکیده انگلیسی

The Arts in Psychotherapy, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 181-187, 1995 Copyright 0 1995 Elsevier Science Ltd Printed in the USA. All rights reserved 0197-4556/95 $9.50 + .OO Pergamon 0197.4556(95)00028-3 THE PROBLEM OF PROFESSIONAL DIAGNOSIS IN DR. HERMAN SMITSKAMP* THE ARTS THERAPIES Abstract in Dutch Tot op heden beschikken we in de creatieve ther- apie niet over een diagnostisch model, dat specifiek is voor creatieve therapie en tegelijkertijd voldoet aan professionele vereisten. Na het op een rijtje zetten van de professionele vereisten wordt een specifiek diagnostisch model voor creatieve therapie gepresenteerd. Dit model is ge- baseerd op de bekwaamheid van de creatief therapeut om zowel de inhoud als de vorm te kunnen analiseren van de kunst-uitingen van de klient. Een onderzoeksproject is gestart waarin dit model uitgewerkt wordt tot een in de praktijk bruikbaar en valide diagnostisch instrument, op basis waarvan te zijner tijd tevens voorspellingen gedaan kunnen worden over verwachte duur van de therapie, kans op succes, enz. Poetic knowledge is knowledge with more diflerent differences (associations, paraphrases) than exact knowledge.(. .) Exact knowledge presupposes poetic knowledge (de Jong, 1992; translation by H. Smitskamp). In the creative arts therapies (drama, music, art, dance, poetry, horticulture), I consider the question of professional diagnosis as one of the most urgent. We arts therapists are very rich in being able to use our intuitive and imaginative insights into the artistic and creative growth of our clients and in the therapeutic value of this process. Our wealth, however, is also our weakness. When asked to articulate specific “an- chor-points” or criteria on which we base our deci- sions we tend to become both talkative and rather vague. Each client and each arts therapist has his or her own individual quality. Much depends on the inter- mediate artistic space between the client and the arts therapist, while past experiences of the therapist with similar or different clients vitally influence both judg- ment and encounter. Objective measures can never be a substitute for artistic and creative processes. If, however, we fail to articulate anchor-points, criteria and objective measures to be used as a basis for de- cisions, the arts therapies will primarily remain in the domain of magic. In the following paragraphs I will outline some basic diagnostic principles for an arts therapies diagnosis. Diagnosis as a Professional Requirement One of the essential requirements of any psycho- therapist is that he or she can make a diagnosis of the patient or client; that this diagnosis is based on the skills and methods of the profession; that this diag- nosis can be understood, inspected and discussed by colleagues (the requirement of intersubjectivity); and that this diagnosis is “researchable,” by which I mean that it can be treated as a hypothesis that can be confirmed or refuted on the basis of specific data. These requirements apply both to psychotherapists and to arts therapists. I will first discuss some of the problems the arts therapist encounters when trying to fulfill these requirements. I will then describe a set of principles for arts therapeutic diagnosis. I will con

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