دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 30562
عنوان فارسی مقاله

گروه درمانی یک جلسه ای هراس عنکبوتی: درمان های مستقیم در مقابل درمان های غیرمستقیم

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
30562 1997 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
One-session group therapy of spider phobia: Direct versus indirect treatments
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Behaviour Research and Therapy, Volume 35, Issue 8, August 1997, Pages 721–732

کلمات کلیدی
گروه درمانی یک جلسه ای - هراس عنکبوتی - درمان های غیرمستقیم -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله گروه درمانی یک جلسه ای هراس عنکبوتی: درمان های مستقیم در مقابل درمان های غیرمستقیم

چکیده انگلیسی

Forty-six patients with spider phobia, fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for specific phobia, were assessed with behavioral, physiological and self-report measures. They were randomly assigned to three group treatment conditions: (1) direct treatment; (2) direct observation; and (3) indirect observation. All treatments were carried out in large groups of eight patients, and consisted of one 3 hr session of massed exposure and modelling. The results showed that on the behavioral test, measures and the specific self-report measures of spider phobia the direct treatment was significantly better than direct observation and indirect observation, which did not differ. On the physiological measures and the psychopathology self-report measures there were significant pre-post improvements, but no differences between the groups. The effects were maintained or furthered at the one year follow-up assessment. The proportion of clinically significantly improved patients were, at post-treatment, 75% in the direct treatment, 7% in the direct observation, and 31% in the indirect observation group. At follow-up, the corresponding figures were 75, 14, and 44%, respectively. The conclusion that can be drawn is that direct treatment is the treatment of choice.

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