بررسی ابزار گزارش کلامی معاصر هراس اجتماعی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|30660||1998||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5783 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Behaviour Research and Therapy, Volume 36, Issue 10, 1 October 1998, Pages 983–994
The Social Phobia Scale (SPS), the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) were compared to each other and evaluated in patients with social phobia. We examined the relationship of these three contemporary social phobia verbal report instruments with each other, as well as with behavioral and self-report cognitive criteria. As expected, the three social phobia scales were significantly intercorrelated, although they differed in their relationship to the behavioral and cognitive measures. Specifically, the SPS had a significant negative relationship with time spent in a speech behavioral assessment test. The higher the anxiety scores were on the SPS, the less time patients spent giving an impromptu speech in front of a small audience. The SIAS was consistently related to negative and positive self-reported thoughts in speech and conversation behavioral assessment tests. All instruments differentiated patients with speech phobia from those having both generalized social phobia and avoidant personality disorder; only the SPAI and the SIAS, however, distinguished the former group from individuals with generalized social phobia but no without avoidant personality disorder. All three social phobia instruments were sensitive to treatment changes. Results are discussed in terms of the relative utility of each of these measures' total scores and any and their subscales.
Although social phobia was once labeled `the neglected anxiety disorder' (Liebowitz et al., 1985), research on social phobia has increased greatly over the past decade and has led to a broadened understanding of this disorder. This increased attention has highlighted the need for careful and thorough assessments and has spurred the development of empirically derived self-report instruments (McNeil et al., 1995). There are several scales of historical importance in the assessment of social anxiety and phobia. The Marks and Mathews (1979)Fear Questionnaire contains a social phobia subscale that measures avoidance of social situations. Other older but commonly used instruments include the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SAD; Watson and Friend, 1969), the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNE; Watson and Friend, 1969) and the Personal Report of Confidence as a Speaker (PRCS; Paul, 1966). Recently, empirically derived instruments specifically designed for the assessment of social phobia have been introduced in the literature: the Social Phobia Scale (SPS; Mattick and Clarke, in press), the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS; Mattick and Clarke, in press) and the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI; Turner et al., 1989). These scales overcome a number of the inadequacies of the previous scales (Cox and Swinson, 1995; McNeil et al., 1995) and are reviewed below.