وضعیت تاهل و اختلالات تغذیه ای: تجزیه و تحلیل ارتباط آن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|31006||2002||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4359 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 53, Issue 6, December 2002, Pages 1139–1145
Objectives: This study attempts to understand the clinical impact of marital status on the psychopathology and symptomatology of anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) patients. Method: Eating disorder (ED) patients (n=332, 198 BN and 134 AN) consecutively admitted to our unit participated in the study. All subjects met DSM-IV criteria for those pathologies and were female. Our sample was divided retrospectively into three subgroups based on their marital status. For the assessment, commonly applied questionnaires in the field of ED were used [Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SAD)]. Results: 2×3 (Diagnostic×Marital status) ANOVA and ANCOVA (with age as covariance) designs were applied in the current study. Our results suggested that ED patients who lived with a partner were significantly different with respect to the other ED patients in the following variables: higher age (P<.0001), higher motivation for change (P<.004), perfectionism (P<.03) and purging behavior (P<.04). Discussion: The main finding in this study is that ED patients who live with a partner are those who presented greater eating symptomatology and psychopathology but even higher motivation for change. Interpersonal functionality has to be considered in the development and maintenance of ED.
Eating disorders (ED) in general and anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) in particular are complex disorders, in which problems are linked on a behavioral, cognitive and emotional level  and . Several factors are implicated in the development and maintenance of those pathologies. Furthermore, as in other psychiatric disorders ,  and , some studies have demonstrated the relevance of interpersonal relationships as maintaining factor in EDs . This topic has been considered in the ED literature from different theoretical frameworks: from psychoanalytical  and systemic approach , ,  and  to behavioral-cognitive point of view ,  and . The relationship between marital functioning and psychiatric disorders has been examined in several recent studies in general terms  and  and referred to specific pathologies such as affective disorders , anxiety disorders , obsessive-compulsive disorders  and addictive behaviors  and . Even some authors suggested the high relevance of marital stability on the long-term recovery in general mental health disorders . Nevertheless, this topic has surely received insufficient attention in the ED literature, as other authors suggested  and , mainly due to the fact that adult married women or those in long-term relationships were underrepresented in the ED clinical samples used  and . The few studies where this topic was specifically examined evidenced that married patients with an ED may exhibit longer duration of the illness and were older  and even presented higher severity of the disorder . Nevertheless, when the variable age was controlled, married ED patients did not present higher severity of the disorder , whereas it did when a general non-ED population was considered . Furthermore, those married ED patients were commonly those who presented major dissatisfaction with their interpersonal relationships and higher deficits in conflict resolution skills  even when compared with controls . Besides the methodological problems involved in this type of research, as mentioned above, few studies have been done about the impact of marital relationships in ED. In those studies, where this topic has been specifically assessed, important methodological limitations were present: lack of control of variables that may have an influence (i.e., age of the patients) or introduction of biases when selecting the samples (i.e., considering only married vs. unmarried patients, not giving enough importance to other subcategories). In view of this criticism, the present study had the following objectives: (1) to check the hypothesis that married ED patients have more severe eating psychopathology even after controlling the variable age, (2) to assess the effect of the different subgroups of the category “marital status” on the severity of the disorder and (3) to ascertain whether there are differences with regard to this category between AN and BN patients.