پایایی درونی رتبه بندی زبان در کودکان مبتلا به اوتیسم توسط پدر و مادر و معلم
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|31534||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3958 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 7, Issue 11, November 2013, Pages 1391–1396
Parent reports such as MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs) have been suggested as a measure of language in young children with autism since this group often score below base levels of direct tests. However, questions have been raised concerning the reliability of report-based assessments. Parents and preschool teachers filled out the CDI–Words & Gestures for 55 children diagnosed with autistic disorder. Inter-rater reliability analyses were done for the whole sample and a subgroup of minimally verbal children (n = 28). Further, potential over- or under-estimation, comparing the raters was analyzed. Results suggested excellent to fair inter-rater reliability between parent and preschool teacher. Parents tended to rate the children slightly higher than preschool teachers. However, the differences were small, and most likely due to contextual variations. These findings suggest that parents can be reliable sources of information about language abilities in children with autism. Therefore, when children are difficult to assess through direct tests, parent reports such as the CDI can be a good alternative.
Delay in language is one of the key diagnostic markers of autism (Luyster, Kadlec, Carter, & Tager-Flusberg, 2008). As more children with autism are recognized at an early age, there is need for more knowledge about appropriate language assessment tools. Although several instruments are available, their psychometric properties when used with young children with autism are often unknown. This is true also for report-based measures of language abilities (Law & Roy, 2008).