شدت افکار ناخواسته: اثرات آغازگر نامتقارن در سرکوب افکار
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|31729||2008||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5888 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Consciousness and Cognition, Volume 17, Issue 1, March 2008, Pages 114–124
An unwanted thought appears to be cued easily by reminders in the environment but often the thought itself seems to cue nothing more than the desire to eliminate it from consciousness. This unusual asymmetry in the way unwanted thoughts are linked to other thoughts was the focus of the present research. Participants who were asked to suppress a thought or to concentrate on it completed a task assessing the influence of priming on reaction time (RT) for word/non-word judgments. Results revealed that suppression under cognitive load produced asymmetric priming: Priming with the associate of a suppressed word speeded RT for the suppressed word, but priming with a suppressed word did not speed RT for associated words. These findings suggest that thought suppression induces an unusual form of cognitive accessibility in which movement of activation toward the suppressed thought from associates is facilitated but movement of activation away from the suppressed thought to associates is undermined.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
2.1. Data exclusion Tapes for all sessions were reviewed to verify participant adherence to the number-recall instruction at the end of each block of trials. These showed that all but 7 participants recalled the cognitive load numbers. Data for the 7 participants who did not recall all cognitive load numbers correctly were excluded from analyses. Other participants who were tested but whose data were not analyzed included 6 with high mean RTs (>850 ms), 2 with over 3 errors in the lexical decision task, and 1 who did not complete the experiment. Thus, data for a total of 86 participants were analyzed.