اثر آرام سازی پیشرونده عضلانی در دختران نوجوان مبتلا به آسم:مطالعه تصادفی کنترل شده دو سو کور
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|31926||2005||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3702 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 59, Issue 6, December 2005, Pages 393–398
Objective The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) on change in blood pressure, lung parameters and heart rate in female adolescent asthmatics. Method In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study, adolescent female asthmatics (n=31) were tested to find out how the systolic blood pressure (SBP), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and heart rate change after PMR. The control group (CG; n=30) received a placebo intervention. Results A significant reduction in SBP and a significant increase in the FEV1 and PEF were observed after PMR. The heart rate showed a significant increase in the coefficient of variation (CV), root-mean-square of successive differences (RMSSD) and at the high frequency (HF) range, in addition to a significant reduction at the low and middle frequency (LF and MF, respectively) ranges. Conclusion PMR appears to be effective in improvement of blood pressure, lung parameter and heart rate in adolescent female asthmatics.
Heart rate and respiration are governed by the regulation of the autonomic nervous system . Parasympathetic nerve impulses lead to a slower heart rate, more regular respiration and general relaxation  and . Asthma patients experience shortness of breath and a sensation of asphyxiation due to bronchial constriction, with simultaneously enhanced vagal drive, leading to an imbalance of sympathetic/parasympathetic influences . Various emotional states and stress increase oscillatory resistance . Stress can also exacerbate airway hyperactivity and airway inflammation in bronchial asthma and increase blood pressure and heart rate , ,  and . Adolescent asthma patients are a distinct group of patients with different treatment requirements from either paediatric or adult patients . When properly used, they can be a form of effective nonmedicinal aid in asthma treatment that may be appealing to adolescents . The negotiation of treatment plans is crucial in this group of patients . Noncompliance with prescribed antiasthma medication is considered to be a major problem  and . Relaxation techniques have a positive effect on autonomic balance. When properly used, they can be a form of effective nonmedicational aid in antiasthma therapy , , ,  and . One of the most simple and easily learned techniques for relaxation is progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), which has, in the literature, resulted in the greatest effects on behavioural and self-report measures of relaxation . The procedure consists of having patients sit comfortably in a quiet room, tense a group of muscles, such as those in the right arm, hold the contraction for about eight seconds, and then relax it for about 30 seconds while breathing out. After a short rest, this sequence is repeated with another set of muscles . Through repetitive practice, the patients learn to recognize the associated feelings of a tensed muscle and completely relaxed muscle . The extent of relaxation experienced by asthma sufferers can be depicted through the measurement of systolic blood pressure (SBP), lung parameter and heart rate variability (cf. Refs. , , , , , , , ,  and ). There have been hints of the effectiveness of relaxation in asthma patients for a considerable time , , , ,  and . The review by Huntley et al.  showed significant effects of PMR or mental and muscular relaxation therapy in asthma patients in two out of five studies. Ritz  analysed several studies on this topic in adults, and McQuaid and Nassau  in children. They concluded that relaxation training may contribute to the standard treatment of asthma for some individuals . However, owing to the inherent problems of conducting such trials, there is still a lack of evidence for the efficacy of relaxation therapies in the management of asthma  and . The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the efficacy of PMR on changes in SBP, lung parameter and heart rate variability in female adolescent asthma patients in a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial.