خودشیفتگی، تنوع در مفهوم خود و رفاه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|32242||2011||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7299 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 45, Issue 6, December 2011, Pages 568–575
The present research examined whether narcissism is related to higher variability in self-concept across roles and time points. Three indices of self-concept variability across roles were formulated based on the participants’ self-ratings for personality attributes. A probabilistic sample in Study 1 as well as a student sample in Study 2 revealed that the narcissistic personality inventory (NPI) positively correlated with the variability indices, except for the self-concept differentiation (SCD), while well-being measures were only related to SCD. The student sample also showed a significant correlation between NPI and longitudinal variability in self-concept within a month-long interval. Implications for the instability of the narcissistic self-concept and its relationship with psychological well-being are discussed.
Some aspects of a person’s self-concept are a reflection of others’ views of them (Cooley, 1902, James, 1890 and Mead, 1934), partly because those views are often conveyed directly or indirectly toward people in the form of social feedback. Consistent social feedback from others makes the self-concept of the person who receives feedback firm and stable, whereas inconsistent feedback brings conflict or disorder into it. The purpose of the present article is to examine the relationship between narcissism and variability in self-concept in the light of a recent theoretical development (e.g., Campbell and Buffardi, 2008 and Morf et al., 2011). These theorists have referred to some trade-offs of narcissism, i.e., narcissists will inevitably face initial gains (e.g., a favorable impression) and later losses (e.g., a broken relationship). This pattern of gain and loss will bring inconsistent social feedback to narcissists, thus causing confusion within the narcissistic self-concept. On the basis of this argument, we predicted that narcissism would positively correlate with variability in self-concept. In addition, we examined this relationship using new indices by Baird, Le, and Lucas (2006), who proposed more appropriate measures to capture the variability in self-concept.