اثرات صفات شخصیتی، اعتماد به نفس، تنهایی و خودشیفتگی بر استفاده از فیس بوک در میان دانشجویان دانشگاه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|32251||2012||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5457 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 28, Issue 6, November 2012, Pages 2414–2419
This study examined the relationship between three of the “Big Five” traits (neuroticism, extraversion, and openness), self-esteem, loneliness and narcissism, and Facebook use. Participants were 393 first year undergraduate psychology students from a medium-sized Australian university who completed an online questionnaire. Negative binomial regression models showed that students with higher openness levels reported spending more time on Facebook and having more friends on Facebook. Interestingly, students with higher levels of loneliness reported having more Facebook friends. Extraversion, neuroticism, self-esteem and narcissism did not have significant associations with Facebook use. It was concluded that students who are high in openness use Facebook to connect with others in order to discuss a wide range of interests, whereas students who are high in loneliness use the site to compensate for their lack of offline relationships.
As well as providing access to information, the Internet has enabled people to establish and build relationships with others. Social networking sites, such as Facebook, are one method people use to connect with others socially on the internet (Bonds-Raacke & Raacke, 2010). Facebook is the predominant social networking site with more than 500 million active users (Facebook website, 2011). Typical users will spend anything from less than 10 min to more than 2 h per day on Facebook (Christofides et al., 2009, Orr et al., 2009, Pempek et al., 2009, Raacke and Bonds-Raacke, 2008 and Ross et al., 2009). One group that uses social networking sites extensively, particularly Facebook, is university students. Recent studies have found that over 90% of university students have Facebook accounts (Cheung et al., 2010 and Pempek et al., 2009), and while it can be used to facilitate study students mainly use it to communicate with friends, look at photos and user profiles of other persons, and to pass the time, avoid boredom and procrastinate (Pempek et al., 2009).