کمالگرایی و خودشیفتگی: تست روابط منحصر به فرد و تفاوت های جنسیتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|32267||2014||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3372 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volumes 61–62, April–May 2014, Pages 52–56
Theoretical models suggest narcissists’ grandiose but fragile self-concept leads them to impose perfectionistic demands onto others and to promote an image of perfection in pursuit of others’ admiration. It is unclear which perfectionism dimensions are uniquely related to narcissism and if the relationship between perfectionism and narcissism generalizes across men and women. The present study addresses these important gaps in knowledge. Other-oriented perfectionism and perfectionistic self-promotion were hypothesized to be positively related to narcissism. Potential differences between men and women were also explored. A sample of 983 undergraduates completed measures of trait perfectionism, perfectionistic self-presentation, perfectionism cognitions, and narcissism. As hypothesized, other-oriented perfectionism and perfectionistic self-promotion were both positively and uniquely related to narcissism. The perfectionism–narcissism relationship generalized across the men and the women in this study. Somewhat unexpectedly, nondisplay of imperfection was negatively and uniquely related to narcissism. The present study represents the most comprehensive test of the perfectionism–narcissism connection to date. Results support theoretical models suggesting narcissistic perfectionists are demanding, hyper-critical, entitled, and grandiose individuals who impose their need for perfection onto others and who engage in brash self-promotion of their (supposed) perfection to others.
Case histories and theoretical models suggest perfectionism may represent a central feature of narcissists’ style of thinking, behaving, perceiving, and relating (e.g., Beck et al., 2004 and Rothstein, 1999). Empirical studies support these case histories and theoretical models, with research indicating perfectionism and narcissism are moderately correlated (Hewitt et al., 2003). McCown and Carlson (2004) also found individuals diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder are more likely to demand perfection of others compared to individuals diagnosed with Mood Disorders (American Psychiatric Association., 2000). However, major gaps still exist in our understanding of the perfectionism–narcissism link. For instance, questions of gender differences are currently untested. We begin to address these gaps by conducting the most comprehensive test of the perfectionism–narcissism connection to date. In particular, we test if the relationship between narcissism and perfectionism generalizes across men and women.