دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 3269
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بازبینی اقتصاد سیاسی رفاه حیوانات مزرعه ای : آناتومی شکست بازار

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
3269 2013 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Reconsidering the political economy of farm animal welfare: An anatomy of market failure
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Food Policy, Volume 38, February 2013, Pages 105–114

کلمات کلیدی
- / رفاه حیوانات - فاصله مصرف کننده / شهروند - کالاهای عمومی - اثرات جانبی مصرف - تمایل به پرداخت - اقتصاد سیاسی - شکست بازار
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بازبینی اقتصاد سیاسی رفاه حیوانات مزرعه ای : آناتومی شکست بازار

چکیده انگلیسی

Animal welfare is often cited as a classic public good, which implies market failure and, thus, that government intervention is required. However, the current literature does not provide an accessible account of how governed markets are supposed to cope with the issues of animal welfare. This paper seeks to fill this gap by re-considering the political economy of animal welfare. Conceptual analysis shows that the major cause of market failure in the case of farm animal welfare is a problem of consumption externalities. It is the specific regulation of animal welfare conditions which is a public good (or bad). Two important conclusions follow from this analysis, which are largely unexplored in the literature on animal welfare. First, measurement of potential market failure, through identifying actual willingness to pay (WTP) for animal welfare friendly products, is potentially misleading. The difference between citizen votes and consumer WTP for animal welfare is not prima facie evidence for either market failure or a gap in the market. Second, conventional arguments in favour of subsidies and assistance to producers for better animal welfare are misconceived and potentially counterproductive. A more rational policy is to subsidise the consumption of animal welfare friendly products.

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