به خاطر سپردن، تصور، حافظه کاذب و معانی شخصی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|32950||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Consciousness and Cognition, Volume 33, May 2015, Pages 574–581
The Self-Memory System encompasses the working self, autobiographical memory and episodic memory. Specific autobiographical memories are patterns of activation over knowledge structures in autobiographical and episodic memory brought about by the activating effect of cues. The working self can elaborate cues based on the knowledge they initially activate and so control the construction of memories of the past and the future. It is proposed that such construction takes place in the remembering–imagining system – a window of highly accessible recent memories and simulations of near future events. How this malfunctions in various disorders is considered as are the implication of what we term the modern view of human memory for notions of memory accuracy. We show how all memories are to some degree false and that the main role of memories lies in generating personal meanings.
The main contention of this paper is that when people remember they imagine and when they imagine they use memory. Imagining involves ‘working with memory’ (Moscovitch, 1992). Because of the intrinsic relatedness of memory and imagination we refer to what we term the remembering imagining system, RIS, ( Conway & Loveday, 2015). The RIS is described further below. The constructive nature of autobiographical memory and autobiographical remembering are considered first.