دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 3308
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بهداشت حرفه ای و خطرات امنیتی : به سوی ادغام مدیریت پروژه

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
3308 2012 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Occupational health and safety risks: Towards the integration into project management
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Safety Science, Volume 50, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 190–198

کلمات کلیدی
مدیریت ریسک بهداشت حرفه ای و امنیتی - قوانین - سیستم های مدیریت - مدیریت پروژه - شیوه های ایمنی صنعت
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بهداشت حرفه ای و خطرات امنیتی : به سوی ادغام مدیریت پروژه

چکیده انگلیسی

Project management in industrial settings in many cases is deficient with respect to integrating OHS risks. This deficiency manifests itself as problems affecting the safety of industrial practices and is explained generally by poor knowledge of OHS within organizations and project teams. We present, through this paper, a critical review and provide an overview of research and industrial practices aimed at systematic integration of OHS risks into the execution of projects, based on published scientific literature. We thus introduce some of the tools, methods and approaches being developed or adapted to integrate OHS and a general description of the current status of this integration in various fields. Our focus includes, in fact, laws, management systems, OHS risk management throughout project life cycle and efforts to integrate OHS risk management to industrial safety practices including approaches using historical data and industrial interventions. We conclude that publications identified are mainly derived from the construction industry and we stress that the objectives, methodologies and results are largely heterogeneous. The integration of OHS risk is not systematic in all industrial fields despite the changing and improving laws and management systems. In order to complete the overview of OHS integration, we will suggest future reviews and research that specifically investigates other innovative OHS applications and many analyses of recent industrial accidents. Complete synopsis will give opportunities for researchers to use or improve methods and approaches to promote OHS risk management in the manufacturing sector that suffer from lack of knowledge in this area.

مقدمه انگلیسی

The practice of engineering is called upon increasingly for systematic management that integrates OHS risks with operational risks. This stems directly from article 2.01 of the code of ethics adopted by the Quebec order of professional engineers (OIQ, 2011): “In all aspects of his work, the engineer must respect his obligations towards man and take into account the consequences of the performance of his work on the environment and on the life, health and property of every person”. In Canada, a new era of governance characterized by attitudes and behaviors expected from “a good parent toward a child” (Pérusse and Bernier, 2009) has emerged owing to Criminal Code amendments adopted in March 2004 (Federal Act C-21) and possible consequences resulting from criminal proceedings where measures to protect the health and safety of workers do not exist. Taking into account the need to eliminate occupational risks contributes to the success of projects (e.g. Gambatese, 2000a, Gambatese, 2000b, Smallwood, 2004, Baril-Gingras et al., 2006 and Fung et al., 2010). The elimination of OHS risks is always more beneficial when introduced at the definition stage of a process and during the fine tuning of projects (Charvolin and Duchet, 2006), but also when users remain mindful of it all the way to the completion of a project. Since the 1980s and in particular the inception of the notion of “integrated prevention” (Claudon et al., 2008), engineers and various stakeholders in OHS have sought to integrate health and safety into the list of tools used in the design of projects. Although numerous software programs and workplace measures have been developed, project designers encounter difficulty using the enormous quantity of data generated as a result and deciding when and where to apply the new information without causing delays and cost increases. 1.1. Problem and objective of the present review Actually, industry uses rigorous project management, modern and safe facilities and robust rules of occupational health and safety but accidents continue to cause human and social problems (e.g. Shikdar and Sawaqed, 2003, Smallwood, 2004 and Li et al., 2009). Several industrial sectors encounter, continuously, serious accidents during all projects phases (e.g. Li et al., 2009) despite their efforts to integrate OHS in project risk management. This situation leads us to examine the current status of the systematic integration of OHS management risks into project management and industrial safety practices. This paper is organized as follows. Section 2 presents the methodology, including a few definitions related to risk management. Section 3 details the results of the literature identified. The studies are categorized as explained in the methodology. We then summarize the state of OHS integration in industry and we suggest some possible directions for future research in Section 4. Finally, the conclusion of the manuscript is provided in Section 5.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

This review has examined the recent literature and has summarized briefly the extent to which OHS risks are taken into account in the project management and industrial safety practices, with special focus on the construction industry. We have thus provided a review of research and practices addressing the integration of OHS risks into the execution of projects and an overview of some of the tools, methods and approaches being developed or adapted to integrate OHS, in addition of a general description of the current status of this integration in various fields. Our review demonstrates the need to spell out the OHS project risks and plan adequate funding to the project risk management team, if organizations want to avoid dangers and losses that threaten them. Attempts are underway to integrate OHS through timely intervention within a framework of continuous improvement. We now know that researchers are assigning increased priority to integrating ergonomics and OHS risks with production activities. We conclude that publications identified are mainly derived from the construction industry and we stress that the objectives, methodologies and results are largely heterogeneous. The integration of OHS risk is not systematic in all industrial fields despite the changing and improving laws and management systems. In order to complete the overview of OHS integration, we will suggest future reviews and research that specifically investigates other innovative OHS applications and many analyses of recent industrial accidents. Complete synopsis will give opportunities for researchers to use or improve methods and approaches to promote OHS risk management in the manufacturing sector that suffer from lack of knowledge in this area.

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