ویژگی های اختلال شخصیت مرزی و واکنش های رفتاری شناختی، عاطفی و پیش بینی شده برای اذیت کردن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|33091||2008||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9900 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 42, Issue 6, December 2008, Pages 1512–1523
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) involves interpersonal dysfunction. It is unknown to what extent these problems are due to perceptual biases, emotional reactivity, or impulsivity above and beyond emotional reactions. The present study experimentally tested these mechanisms in the context of predicted reactions to teasing. Participants completed the Personality Assessment Inventory-Borderline Features scale [PAI-BOR; Morey, L. C. (1991). Personality assessment inventory: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources], and the Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire [Downey, G., & Feldman, S. I. (1996). Implications of rejection sensitivity for intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(6), 1327–1343], and imagined a scenario that involved teasing. Participants rated the teaser and their own predicted emotional and behavioral reactions. Analysis of Covariance results indicated that individuals who endorsed more BPD features showed elevated emotional reactions and predicted behavioral reactions to teasing, but not perceptual biases. Ratings of predicted behavioral responses could be accounted for by emotional responses, supporting the emotional reactivity perspectives of BPD [Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford].
A major feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is difficulties with interpersonal relationships (Daley et al., 2000 and Koenigsberg et al., 2001). Individuals with BPD are less likely to be married (Schwartz et al., 1990 and Zimmerman and Coryell, 1989), experience a greater number of breakups and conflicts in romantic relationships (Daley et al., 2000 and Labonte and Paris, 1993), have more conflicts in relationships with parents, siblings, and friends (Skodol et al., 2002), and show poorer overall social adjustment (Joyce et al., 2003) compared to individuals with other disorders or individuals without personality disorders. Although it is documented that individuals with BPD have more conflict and less stable interpersonal relationships, more experimental research is needed on the process by which BPD features lead to specific maladaptive interpersonal behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to simultaneously examine perceptual biases, affective dysregulation, and impulsive tendencies specifically in response to hypothetical, ambiguous interpersonal events using an analog design.