درمان لکنت زبان مبتنی بر شواهد III: عملکرد مبتنی بر شواهد در یک محیط بالینی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|33477||2003||18 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7922 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Fluency Disorders, Volume 28, Issue 3, Autumn 2003, Pages 219–236
At the heart of evidence-based practice in stuttering treatment are four issues: (1) the collection of data to inform treatment; (2) the long standing concern with maintenance of treatment gains; (3) the need to demonstrate accountability to clients, payers and our profession as service providers; and (4) the desire to advance theoretical knowledge. This article addresses the first three of these issues from a practical point of view, illustrating how data collection for stuttering treatment outcome research in a clinical setting is intimately blended with that required for clinical purposes and providing an example of a process of evaluating data for clinical and research purposes. Educational objectives: The reader will learn about and be able to (1) differentiate between treatment outcome and treatment efficacy research, (2) describe models for integrating data collection for treatment outcome and clinical purposes, and (3) utilize guidelines for treatment efficacy that are applicable to outcome research to evaluate data for use in treatment outcome studies and to design outcome studies.
The purpose of this article is to illustrate how evidence-based practice is carried out in a clinical setting. A founding goal of the Institute for Stuttering Treatment and Research (ISTAR) was to provide evidence-based treatment programs that incorporate into practice new research findings as they appear. Thus a major research focus has been treatment outcome evaluation driven by the desire to: (a) investigate long-term maintenance of treatment gains (Boberg, 1981; Boberg, Howie, & Woods, 1979; Boberg & Kully, 1994, Boberg & Sawyer, 1977 and Langevin & Boberg, 1993), a long held concern of clinicians and researchers (see Bloodstein, 1995 and Ingham, 1993); and (b) advance theoretical knowledge. Another long held concern of our profession is that of accountability (e.g., Caccamo, 1973, Frattali, 1998a, Mowrer, 1972 and Siegel, 1975) which, according to Frattali (1998b), has been more recently spurred by “flaws in current research activities, accreditation agency outcomes initiatives …, managed care and regulatory agency demands for data, and consumer choice” (p. 6). As suggested by Siegel in 1975, this public demand for accountability can serve as a call for critical and reasoned self-evaluation. It is also a means to advance theoretical knowledge about stuttering and stuttering treatment. As Olswang (1998, p. 148) stated, “Our gains in theory will ultimately advance our efforts to demonstrate accountability; similarly, our gains in accountability should ultimately advance our knowledge in theory.” Like Wambaugh and Bain (2002), we believe that ethical practice results from the interface of clinical practice and research. In this paper, we will describe our approach to evidence-based practice, discuss the integration of routine data collection for clinical and research purposes, and present models of outcome research for school-age and teen and adult treatment. Finally, we will present a case to illustrate a snapshot of clinical life wherein routine clinical data are evaluated for use in informing treatment and evaluating treatment outcome.