ارتباط پنج عامل بزرگ از سه اقدام رفاه ذهنی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|34171||2003||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||1706 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 34, Issue 4, March 2003, Pages 723–727
One hundred and eleven individuals completed the NEO Five Factor Inventory along with three measures of subjective well-being, the Oxford Happiness Inventory, the Depression–Happiness Scale, and the Satisfaction With Life Scale. Regression analysis showed that although Extraversion and Neuroticism best predicted scores on the Oxford Happiness Inventory, it was Neuroticism and Conscientiousness that best predicted scores on the Satisfaction with Life Scale. These results provide further evidence that Neuroticism and Extraversion are dimensions of personality related to subjective well-being. However, the results also suggest that Conscientiousness is an additional dimension of personality relevant to understanding subjective well-being.
There has been much interest from researchers in what makes people happy (see, Myers & Diener, 1995). Although much interest has focused on demographic and social-economic variables, it is thought that some people are more likely to be happier than others because of their personality. Early work by Costa and McCrae (1980) showed that happiness was associated with greater Extraversion and lower Neuroticism. Much subsequent research has since confirmed these associations (see e.g. Brebner et al., 1995, Chan and Joseph, 2000, Furnham and Brewin, 1990, Hills and Argyle, 2001a, Hills and Argyle, 2001b and Lu and Shih, 1997). However, the other major dimensions of personality have not attracted as much research attention as Extraversion and Neuroticism. In terms of the Big 5 dimensions, McCrae and Costa (1991) suggest that Agreeableness and Conscientiousness should facilitate more positive experiences in social and achievement situations, respectively, which in turn increase subjective well-being. Openness to experience, however, should lead a person to experience both more positive and negative emotional states. No direct association should therefore be expected with Openness to experience. DeNeve and Cooper (1998) in their meta-analysis of single trait measures associated with subjective well being provide evidence consistent with McCrae and Costa's suggestions. In particular, DeNeve and Copper (1998) show that Extraversion and Neuroticism are the strongest Big 5 predictors of happiness and that Neuroticism and Conscientiousness are the strongest Big 5 predictors of life satisfaction. There now remains a need for further investigation to confirm these findings. The aim of the present research was to extend the investigation of personality correlates of happiness to the Big 5 personality dimensions, Extraversion, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Openness.