استفاده از تجارت الکترونیک و یکپارچه سازی اطلاعات در صنعت ساخت و ساز
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|3424||2007||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Project Management, Volume 25, Issue 2, February 2007, Pages 158–163
Many parties involved in the construction industry have convinced the importance of electronic commerce (EC) for improving business processes, cutting cost, and providing comprehensive information. However, currently the application of EC is relatively limited and ineffective. These systems are always non-interoperable which creates problems for the stakeholders in construction projects. This paper aims to analyze the E-commerce application system and develop a system for the parties to collaborate and share information effectively. In this paper, four information flats are summarized based on the literature survey and field investigation, and the information integration model for EC is built up using IFC and XML. It should provide a useful reference for China to promote the development of EC in the construction industry.
The construction industry is a complicated process including various participators, so it is important to exchange information in time among the stakeholders for the development of productivity. But currently, information flow in the construction industry is mostly manual, and numerous paper copies of documents and drawings are dominant in practice. The management of these loose documents is often very time consuming and tedious, which reduces the productivity seriously. With the development of the Internet, electronic commerce has become more important. The use of Internet services may lead to considerable savings in terms of time and money for construction projects. This increased efficiency in terms of project communication may lead to lower building costs. But the uptake of electronic commerce in the construction industry has been relatively limited and ineffective as compared to other engineering sectors such as the automotive or the aerospace industry. One of the reasons for this could be the fragment nature of the construction industry and the one-off nature of the product. Hence, it is an important task for the present research to enhance the electronic commerce application and information integration in the construction industry. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) defines electronic commerce that “it supports and manages the electronic information exchange, including organization management, business management, negotiate, contract, laws, finance means and revenue” . From the point of application, electronic commerce uses the Internet to deal with business. From the point of communication, electronic commerce transfers service and information by electronic means, and from the point of business processes, electronic commerce is an automatization course for business and workflow . Due to the application of electronic commerce, information integration gets different corporations, data sources and cooperation partners together by the implementation of process flow, logic and configuration , then information communication became effective. This paper defines the electronic commerce of the construction industry as the business activities by electronic means in the field of the construction industry. Researches on the information integration for the construction industry have been carried out from the 1990s. Teicholz and Fischer put forward the concept of construction integration which is based on object oriented model, integrating all participators in the process of design and construction . Anumba pointed out that construction management needs facilities for supplying cooperative environment . The project of COMMIT demonstrated the importance of cooperation in information management for the first time . Those studies only partly solved the basic problems for information communication, but they are hardly applicable to the practice by making the various participants as a whole. This is made possible through the development of electronic commerce and the appearance of a new technique criterion for the information integration in construction industry. Based on the nature of electronic commerce for the construction industry, this paper discusses the application and information integration for electronic commerce in the construction industry. In Section 2 of this paper, we research on the application of electronic commerce, information exchange flats and the problem of applying electronic commerce in the construction industry. In Section 3, we analyze the application situation of IFC (industry foundation classes) and XML (extensible markup language) in construction industry, explore the cooperation foundation of IFC and XML, and then build up the model of information integration for electronic commerce. In Section 4, we point out the keys of developing electronic commerce for the construction industry in China.