تفاوتهای جنسیتی در اختلال شخصیت ضد اجتماعی و اختلالات فکری و روانی: بررسی و یکپارچه سازی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|34289||2002||29 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||15042 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 22, Issue 8, November 2002, Pages 1179–1207
Although the correlates and causes of psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) have been the subject of extensive investigation, researchers in this area have until recently focused almost exclusively on males. As a consequence, relatively little is known about psychopathy and ASPD in females. In this paper, we review the empirical literature on sex differences in the base rates, mean symptom levels, correlates, and factor structure of psychopathy and ASPD. In addition, we discuss the potential sex-differentiated phenotypic expressions of psychopathy and ASPD (e.g., somatization disorder [SD]) as well as sex differences in the developmental trajectories of these conditions. There is suggestive evidence that these conditions may be differentially expressed across biological sex, although further investigation of this issue is warranted. We conclude with recommendations for future research in this area, including suggestions for embedding the study of sex differences in psychopathy and ASPD within a construct validational framework.
The classification and etiology of psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) are among the foremost challenges to researchers in the field of personality disorders today (Lykken, 1995). Researchers who have attempted to clarify the correlates and causes of these conditions have traditionally focused largely or almost exclusively on males (e.g., Hare, 1982, Harris et al., 1994 and Hart & Hare, 1989). Consequently, little is known about the causes, assessment, and diagnosis of psychopathy and ASPD in females Mulder et al., 1994, Salekin et al., 1997 and Salekin et al., 1998. Because the prevalence, correlates, and phenotypic manifestations of these conditions may differ in males and females, a better understanding of sex differences in psychopathy and ASPD is of considerable theoretical and practical importance.