آیا اضطراب جدایی زودهنگام یک عامل خطر برای اختلال ترس بزرگسالان است؟: دیدگاه انتقادی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|34864||1996||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7447 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Comprehensive Psychiatry, Volume 37, Issue 3, May–June 1996, Pages 167–179
Heightened levels of early separation anxiety (SA) have long been linked to the risk of adult panic disorder (PD), suggesting that the two types of anxiety arise from a common diathesis-a proposition that has considerably influenced the classification of the anxiety disorders. However, the SA-PD link remains contentious, with some recent studies failing to confirm that putative association. All published research studies investigating the relationship of early SA to PD and/or other anxiety disorders were reviewed. Taken as a whole, the evidence provides support for the SA-PD hypothesis, although the specificity of that relationship needs further clarification. Problems of sample selection, retrospective measurement of early SA and comorbid diagnoses limit the certainty with which inferences can be drawn from existing data. Nevertheless, a recent community-based study provides additional support for the SA-PD hypothesis. Possible developmental pathways linking SA to PD are considered. One possibility that has not received adequate research attention is that early SA disorder (SAD) may persist into adulthood, rendering the sufferer vulnerable to panic and other anxiety symptoms when confronted with salient life stressors. We conclude that it is premature to reject the SA hypothesis of PD. Only well-designed longitudinal studies can map the complex developmental pathways linking early and later manifestations of morbid anxiety.