درمان تعامل پدر و مادر - کودک برای درمان اختلال اضطراب جدایی در کودکان: یک مطالعه مقدماتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|34879||2005||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10836 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, Volume 12, Issue 1, Winter 2005, Pages 126–135
Research suggests that Parent-Child Interaction therapy (PCIT) works to improve the child's behavior by changing the child-parent interaction. PCIT has been effective in treating disruptive behavior in young children. This article describes a pilot study to apply PCIT to the treatment of separation anxiety disorder (SAD). A multiple-baseline design was used with 3 families with a child between the ages of 4 and 8 who had a principal diagnosis of SAD. Following treatment with PCIT, clinically significant change in separation anxiety was observed on all measures. Disruptive behaviors also decreased following treatment. Treatment gains were maintained at a 3-month follow-up interval. These findings suggest that PCIT may be particularly useful for treatment of young children with SAD, the most prevalent yet underresearched anxiety disorder of childhood. The results of this study support research delineating the important contribution of family factors to anxiety in childhood. Several mechanisms are proposed that may account for the dramatic decrease in separation-anxious behaviors seen in children during PCIT, including increased levels of child control, increased social reinforcement of brave behaviors, improved parent-child attachment, and decreased levels of parent anxiety. Results of this study provide promising initial evidence that PCIT may be efficacious for treating young children with SAD. A randomized clinical trial is warranted to further elucidate the efficacy of PCIT for treatment of SAD in young children.