آسیب شناسی روانی و بزهکاری در نوجوانان: یک چشم انداز توصیفی و تکاملی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35062||2003||42 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 23, Issue 2, March 2003, Pages 277–318
The current article presents a review on psychiatric pathology in delinquent adolescents. The putative developmental significance of this co-occurrence is discussed within Moffitt's [Psychol. Rev. 100 (1993) 674] developmental framework on antisocial behavior. Articles on psychopathology in delinquent adolescents were retrieved through search engines (MEDLINE, Psychlit) and by exploration of references in those articles. Substantial evidence is at hand that delinquent adolescents have higher rates of externalizing and internalizing disorders when compared to adolescents in the general population. Although substantial limitations hamper interpretation of the findings, the marked similarities across a diversity of samples from different countries suggest that the findings are fairly generalizable. Evidence was found for differences in prevalence and developmental significance of psychiatric pathology between adolescent limited (AL) offenders and life-course persistent (LCP) offenders. Although psychopathology was more severe in LCP offenders, AL offenders still had significant and potential harmful levels of psychopathology. These findings emphasize the necessity of developing mental health services to delinquent adolescents and the necessity of adequate diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in these adolescents.
Antisocial behavior and delinquency by minors is a major public health problem. The extent of the problem is illustrated by the abundant attention it receives from politicians, media makers, mental health workers, and a variety of academics. Although decades of scientific research aimed at understanding the phenomenon of adolescent delinquency has resulted in the recognition of many environmental and individual risk factors Frick, 1998 and Rutter et al., 1998, the relationship with psychiatric pathology in particular remains largely unexplored. The current article aims at summarizing the existing knowledge on the overlap between delinquency and psychiatric pathology.